We are independent & ad-supported. We may earn a commission for purchases made through our links.

Advertiser Disclosure

Our website is an independent, advertising-supported platform. We provide our content free of charge to our readers, and to keep it that way, we rely on revenue generated through advertisements and affiliate partnerships. This means that when you click on certain links on our site and make a purchase, we may earn a commission. Learn more.

How We Make Money

We sustain our operations through affiliate commissions and advertising. If you click on an affiliate link and make a purchase, we may receive a commission from the merchant at no additional cost to you. We also display advertisements on our website, which help generate revenue to support our work and keep our content free for readers. Our editorial team operates independently from our advertising and affiliate partnerships to ensure that our content remains unbiased and focused on providing you with the best information and recommendations based on thorough research and honest evaluations. To remain transparent, we’ve provided a list of our current affiliate partners here.

What Is Sperm Count?

Nicole Madison
Updated Feb 01, 2024
Our promise to you
WiseGEEK is dedicated to creating trustworthy, high-quality content that always prioritizes transparency, integrity, and inclusivity above all else. Our ensure that our content creation and review process includes rigorous fact-checking, evidence-based, and continual updates to ensure accuracy and reliability.

Our Promise to you

Founded in 2002, our company has been a trusted resource for readers seeking informative and engaging content. Our dedication to quality remains unwavering—and will never change. We follow a strict editorial policy, ensuring that our content is authored by highly qualified professionals and edited by subject matter experts. This guarantees that everything we publish is objective, accurate, and trustworthy.

Over the years, we've refined our approach to cover a wide range of topics, providing readers with reliable and practical advice to enhance their knowledge and skills. That's why millions of readers turn to us each year. Join us in celebrating the joy of learning, guided by standards you can trust.

Editorial Standards

At WiseGEEK, we are committed to creating content that you can trust. Our editorial process is designed to ensure that every piece of content we publish is accurate, reliable, and informative.

Our team of experienced writers and editors follows a strict set of guidelines to ensure the highest quality content. We conduct thorough research, fact-check all information, and rely on credible sources to back up our claims. Our content is reviewed by subject matter experts to ensure accuracy and clarity.

We believe in transparency and maintain editorial independence from our advertisers. Our team does not receive direct compensation from advertisers, allowing us to create unbiased content that prioritizes your interests.

Sperm count is a measure of the number of sperm per milliliter of semen, though it can also be measured using other units of volume. Sperm count is often evaluated when a couple is trying to conceive a child, as it can help determine a man's ability to successfully fertilize a woman's egg. Men with lower counts may have a decreased ability to impregnate a woman, and some studies indicate that lowered counts are even related to an increased risk of miscarriage in some cases. It is important to keep in mind, however, that many factors in addition to sperm numbers influence the likelihood of conception.

Male fertility tests typically include a test that is referred to as a sperm count analysis. This test is used to evaluate the number of sperm that are present in a certain amount of semen. If a man has fewer than the number of sperm the lab considers normal, he is said to have a low sperm count, which may interfere with his ability to father a child. This does not necessarily mean he cannot ever make a woman pregnant, however. Instead, fertilizing an egg may just prove more difficult.

Generally, a man is considered to have a normal sperm count if he has 20 million sperm per milliliter of semen, but this number alone is not a definitive measurement of a man's fertility. This is due to the fact that the lab must also analyze motility to determine the percentage of the sperm present that are actually moving. If the sperm do not move as they should, they cannot reach an egg and fertilize it. Sperm analysis may also include an evaluation of sperm morphology, which is the shape and size of the sperm. When a man has a high number of abnormally shaped or sized sperm, he may prove less likely to fertilize an egg, and his female partner's risk of miscarriage may be higher.

There are numerous possible causes of a lower-than-normal sperm count. Among them are testicular blockages, infections, exposure of the testicles to extreme heat, and ejaculatory problems. Sometimes tumors or chromosomal defects can cause a lowered count as well, and sexual dysfunction, medications, and hormonal imbalances may also cause issues. Exposure to dangerous pesticides, smoking, high intake of alcohol, and high levels of stress can cause sperm volume problems as well.

WiseGEEK is dedicated to providing accurate and trustworthy information. We carefully select reputable sources and employ a rigorous fact-checking process to maintain the highest standards. To learn more about our commitment to accuracy, read our editorial process.
Nicole Madison
By Nicole Madison
Nicole Madison's love for learning inspires her work as a WiseGEEK writer, where she focuses on topics like homeschooling, parenting, health, science, and business. Her passion for knowledge is evident in the well-researched and informative articles she authors. As a mother of four, Nicole balances work with quality family time activities such as reading, camping, and beach trips.

Discussion Comments

Nicole Madison

Nicole Madison

Nicole Madison's love for learning inspires her work as a WiseGEEK writer, where she focuses on topics like...
Read more
WiseGEEK, in your inbox

Our latest articles, guides, and more, delivered daily.

WiseGEEK, in your inbox

Our latest articles, guides, and more, delivered daily.