Magic mouthwash is a specially formulated mixture of ingredients prescribed by a doctor and then compounded by a pharmacist. Magic mouthwash is used to treat various types of mouth and esophagus pain, especially in cancer patients or those who have recently undergone chemotherapy. There are a variety of ingredients that may be included in this mouthwash, depending on the patient's individual symptoms, and each doctor will likely have a preferred mixture. Common ingredients include numbing agents, antihistamines, and antibiotics.
The three most common ingredients found in magic mouthwash include a numbing agent known as lidocaine, a liquid antacid, and an antihistamine. In some cases, other medications may be used as well. Depending on the condition being treated, antibiotics or steroid medications may be added to the mouthwash.
Antihistamines, such as diphenhydramine, may help to relive mouth pain. Antacids help the mouthwash mixture coat the entire affected area. Lidocaine works to provide a temporary numbing effect. Steroid medications or antibiotics may be added to the mixture if inflammation or infection is present. The patient should not eat or drink anything for at least 30 minutes after using this mixture.
Common medical conditions that may be treated by magic mouthwash include sore throat, ulcers or sores in the mouth or esophagus, and infection. This mouthwash may be used to soothe pain or to reduce inflammation. In cases of infections involving the mouth, added antibiotics may help to kill harmful bacteria. Antifungal medications may be added if a yeast infection is present.
Magic mouthwash is typically swished around in the mouth for a few seconds before being spit out. If the pain or sores are in the back portion of the mouth, the mixture may be gargled and then spit out. For problems affecting the esophagus, it may be necessary to gargle with the mixture before swallowing it. The prescribing physician will issue specific instructions on how the medication mixture is to be used.
The patient should discuss the ingredients of the mixture with the doctor prior to usage. If there are any allergies or sensitivities to any of the ingredients, the doctor should be notified. If any negative side effects develop after using the mixture, the doctor should be notified right away. Adult antihistamines often contain alcohol, which may sometimes cause a temporary increase in discomfort when coming into contact with irritated mucous membranes. If this is a concern, a pediatric version of the medication can be requested.