An exfoliating face brush attempts to clear away dead skin cells that may be blocking pores and causing acne or ingrown hairs. Many manufacturers of exfoliating face brushes also claim that the brush helps the user attain a brighter, more youthful appearance, smoothing skin and reducing the appearance of wrinkles. It is typically shaped like a smaller version of a shower brush, with a small round head and an attached handle to one side similar to a toothbrush, although there are plenty of other shapes and handle positions to choose from for the best reach and control.
To avoid damaging or irritating the delicate skin of the face, an exfoliating face brush has very soft bristles. It is best if the bristles bend easily with pressure, because if they are too stiff it might be easier for users to scrub too vigorously and damage the facial skin. Generally, an exfoliating face brush should be used with a facial cleanser that lubricates the bristles, clean the face, and help wash away dead skin cells, oil, and other debris. The brush also acts as a way to distribute a facial cleanser without needing to use the fingertips, which may transfer oil or dirt to the face. Most users report having the best results when scrubbing very gently in a circular motion.
It is very important to properly sanitize the exfoliating face brush after every use. Do not allow the brush, or any other products used on the face, to collect dirt, bacteria and other debris because that can cause irritation, rashes, or acne and infections. Additionally, the collected bacteria may invade through the nostrils, eyes, or mouth and cause infection. The bristles should be allowed to fully and thoroughly dry between uses instead of remaining moist. As with any other face or body product, replace the exfoliating face brush periodically to ensure that an older product that may have some trapped bacteria or mold is not used on the face or other areas of the body.
Some brands offer a type of exfoliating face brush that includes special features such a vibration or pulse option. This feature is intended to help the brush more effectively remove dead skin cells and dry, flaky patches of skin to make the skin as smooth as possible. This and other available add-ons, however, often make the brushes much more expensive than the basic models and may not add enough of a benefit to be worth it for some customers.