We are independent & ad-supported. We may earn a commission for purchases made through our links.

Advertiser Disclosure

Our website is an independent, advertising-supported platform. We provide our content free of charge to our readers, and to keep it that way, we rely on revenue generated through advertisements and affiliate partnerships. This means that when you click on certain links on our site and make a purchase, we may earn a commission. Learn more.

How We Make Money

We sustain our operations through affiliate commissions and advertising. If you click on an affiliate link and make a purchase, we may receive a commission from the merchant at no additional cost to you. We also display advertisements on our website, which help generate revenue to support our work and keep our content free for readers. Our editorial team operates independently from our advertising and affiliate partnerships to ensure that our content remains unbiased and focused on providing you with the best information and recommendations based on thorough research and honest evaluations. To remain transparent, we’ve provided a list of our current affiliate partners here.

What Happened on November 8?

  • A German scientist discovered X-rays. (1895) Wilhelm Conrad Rontgen, a German physicist, accidentally discovered the X-ray while testing cathode rays. He noted a glow on a chemically-covered screen while attempting to shine a cathode ray through glass. He called it an "X-ray" because he didn't know what it was.

  • The Civil Works Administration (CWA) was established. (1933) US President Franklin Roosevelt established the organization during the Great Depression as part of the "New Deal." The administration created millions of jobs for unemployed Americans, though most were temporary. In 1934, the CWA was ended because it was costing the government too much money — about $200 million US Dollars per month.

  • Hitler launched his first campaign to seize power in Germany, and failed. (1923) The "Beer-Hall Putsch" was an unsuccessful coup attempt that Hitler launched during a meeting of Bavarian government officials at a beer hall. Hitler came in with armed Nazi soldiers and forced the officials at gunpoint to support his new regime plan. The next day, the officials revoked their coerced support and Hitler was arrested. He was convicted of treason and served nine months of a five-year sentence, during which time he wrote his autobiography, Mein Kampf.

  • The Murder Act 1965 was passed in the United Kingdom. (1965) The act abolished the death penalty in England, replacing it with mandatory life sentences. The act failed to include a few capital offenses, such as high treason The death penalty wasn't completely abolished until 1998 with the passing of the Crime and Disorder Act. The last execution in England, however, took place in 1964.

  • The Louvre opened in Paris. (1793) The Louvre is one of largest museums in the world today and has more visitors each year than any other museum in the world.

  • US President Grover Cleveland became the first US President to be elected to two non-consecutive terms. (1892) President Cleveland defeated incumbent President Benjamin Harrison, the 23rd US President. President Cleveland served as the 22nd and 24th President of the United States.

  • Montana became the 41st US state. (1889) Montana's admission to the Union was part of an omnibus package that included South and North Dakota and Washington state.

  • Britain successfully exploded its first hydrogen bomb. (1957) The test, called "Operation Grapple X," was conducted over Christmas Island in the Indian Ocean. It was a bit more powerful than they expected and caused infrastructure damage and destroyed some buildings on the island.

  • The Oxford University library opened to the public. (1602) Today, the Bodleian Library, is one of the largest research libraries in the world and one of the oldest in Europe. It generally operates as a reference library and doesn't allow materials to be removed.

  • The Congress of Industrial Organizations (CIO) was created. (1935) The CIO was a labor union organization that operated in the US and Canada. It merged with another union organization in 1955 to establish the AFL-CIO, which is the largest labor organization in the US today and includes international member unions.

Discussion Comments

By Oldtimer — On Nov 08, 2017

@Krunchyman: It's strange in a way that so many of the things we take for granted today were actually discovered by accident. My favorite is the microwave as it relates to food. The scientist that discovered it heated up food had a candy bar in his pocket that melted while he was next to the machine. Another example is WD-40. There were 39 failures prior to its discovery. It is an interesting subject to explore.

By Viranty — On Nov 25, 2014

One thing that has never really been made clear to me is how Hitler was able to rise to power again after being arrested during his failed attempt to take over Germany. Even though I'm not familiar with what Hitler did when he got out of prison, as in, how exactly he continued from where he started, one thing that's for certain is that he had a lot of time to map out his plans while locked up. Especially with the book he wrote. In fact, it's almost as if locking Hitler up didn't defeat him, but if anything, it only made him stronger.

By Krunchyman — On Nov 24, 2014

One thing the really intrigues me about the first bullet point is how this is supposed to be an accidental discovery of sorts. Also, considering that it's called an X-ray because it's supposed to be mysterious, I think that's a very interesting origin. Reading this tidbit has really made me wonder what other discoveries were accidental or a mistake.

WiseGEEK, in your inbox

Our latest articles, guides, and more, delivered daily.

WiseGEEK, in your inbox

Our latest articles, guides, and more, delivered daily.