We are independent & ad-supported. We may earn a commission for purchases made through our links.
Advertiser Disclosure
Our website is an independent, advertising-supported platform. We provide our content free of charge to our readers, and to keep it that way, we rely on revenue generated through advertisements and affiliate partnerships. This means that when you click on certain links on our site and make a purchase, we may earn a commission. Learn more.
How We Make Money
We sustain our operations through affiliate commissions and advertising. If you click on an affiliate link and make a purchase, we may receive a commission from the merchant at no additional cost to you. We also display advertisements on our website, which help generate revenue to support our work and keep our content free for readers. Our editorial team operates independently of our advertising and affiliate partnerships to ensure that our content remains unbiased and focused on providing you with the best information and recommendations based on thorough research and honest evaluations. To remain transparent, we’ve provided a list of our current affiliate partners here.

What are the Different Types of Civil Court Records?

By Susan Grindstaff
Updated Jan 25, 2024
Our promise to you
WiseGeek is dedicated to creating trustworthy, high-quality content that always prioritizes transparency, integrity, and inclusivity above all else. Our ensure that our content creation and review process includes rigorous fact-checking, evidence-based, and continual updates to ensure accuracy and reliability.

Our Promise to you

Founded in 2002, our company has been a trusted resource for readers seeking informative and engaging content. Our dedication to quality remains unwavering—and will never change. We follow a strict editorial policy, ensuring that our content is authored by highly qualified professionals and edited by subject matter experts. This guarantees that everything we publish is objective, accurate, and trustworthy.

Over the years, we've refined our approach to cover a wide range of topics, providing readers with reliable and practical advice to enhance their knowledge and skills. That's why millions of readers turn to us each year. Join us in celebrating the joy of learning, guided by standards you can trust.

Editorial Standards

At WiseGeek, we are committed to creating content that you can trust. Our editorial process is designed to ensure that every piece of content we publish is accurate, reliable, and informative.

Our team of experienced writers and editors follows a strict set of guidelines to ensure the highest quality content. We conduct thorough research, fact-check all information, and rely on credible sources to back up our claims. Our content is reviewed by subject-matter experts to ensure accuracy and clarity.

We believe in transparency and maintain editorial independence from our advertisers. Our team does not receive direct compensation from advertisers, allowing us to create unbiased content that prioritizes your interests.

Civil court records generally consist of information regarding cases tried before a civil court. Civil court proceedings are used to settle cases that do not involve criminal activity or intent. During these cases, the court keeps a transcript of the proceedings, which can usually be obtained through the clerk of court. In most cases, those involved with the case will be given copies of the transcript free of charge, thought occasionally there may be a nominal fee. Anyone outside the court proceedings who may wish to obtain these records will typically have to pay a fee.

Many of the types of cases tried in civil court are related to divorce or separation. These cases usually have both a plaintiff and a defendant. The plaintiff is the person who is instigating the divorce proceeding, while the defendant is typically the person whom the suit has been brought against. Divorces tried in civil court might be on the grounds of mental cruelty, adultery, or irreconcilable differences. Some divorces are considered “no fault,” which means that both people agree to the divorce and are not assigning blame.

In most cases, child support and child custody arrangements are handled in civil courtrooms. Most of the time, these cases involve children who are minors. Civil court records pertaining to minors are often unavailable to parties other than the parents, without the written consent of both parents.

Crimes committed by minors are usually held in a special court called a juvenile court, which is different from a civil court and a criminal court. These records are not the same as civil court records. As they deal with minors, these records are usually sealed from public viewing.

Other types of records that are considered civil court records may include damage to property that does not have a criminal intent. Sometimes cases like this are brought by homeowners against contractors whose subpar work may have brought about home or property damage. Civil court records are also kept relating to cases involving person injuries that result from accidents rather than criminal intent or negligence.

The length of time that civil court records are kept may vary for different locales, and may depend on the type of records involved. For those who wish to obtain copies of civil court records, the best place to start is usually the clerk of court for the jurisdiction where the case was originally tried. If the records involved are sealed, it may be necessary to obtain a court order to view or receive of copy of these records.

WiseGeek is dedicated to providing accurate and trustworthy information. We carefully select reputable sources and employ a rigorous fact-checking process to maintain the highest standards. To learn more about our commitment to accuracy, read our editorial process.

Related Articles

Discussion Comments
WiseGeek, in your inbox

Our latest articles, guides, and more, delivered daily.

WiseGeek, in your inbox

Our latest articles, guides, and more, delivered daily.