The specific steps in setting up a woodworking workshop can vary slightly depending on the space in which the shop will reside, but for the most part, the process is fairly straightforward. You will need to start by choosing an appropriate location for your woodworking workshop. Garages and basements are popular locations, though attics can be used in some cases as well. Think carefully about the location before you begin setting up; available light and dust collection possibilities should be your major determining factors, as well as enough space for all the tools you will populate the room with.
Once you have found an appropriate space for your woodworking workshop, think about installing a dust collection system before you lay out any tools or work benches. It may be helpful to draw out a layout of the space so you know where the dust collection system should be. A woodworking workshop can become thick with sawdust without a collection system, which can be harmful for you and the space itself. Some tools feature individual dust collection systems, but the workspace will need to be adequately ventilated anyway. Windows make great ventilation accesses, though spaces without windows can be fitted with ventilation units that will collect dust and pump fresh air into the space.
The layout of the woodworking workshop will often depend on what type of woodworking you intend to do. Think about the common processes you undertake, and try to lay out the space accordingly. Larger machines will usually be permanently placed, as will workbenches, but other, smaller tools are usually stored on shelves in an out-of-the-way place. Consider installing shelving to accommodate your tools, and try to work such shelving into the workbench structure for easy access and convenience. Pegboard can be installed on the wall above a workbench to help you keep smaller, hand tools organized and accessible.
Keep in mind that you will need to maintain a clear path to the room's exits when setting up your woodworking workshop. Do not obstruct major pathways to the door whenever possible, as this can cause a dangerous situation if an emergency occurs in the workshop. If you will be using power tools often, make sure a first aid kit is hung by the door or otherwise stored in an accessible area, and make sure a fire extinguisher is present and accessible as well. Store these items by the door so you always know where they are.