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A peptic ulcer diet generally includes low-fat foods, including lean meats, fish, and poultry. Most non-seeded whole grain breads and pasta are allowed as well, as are cereals, although those low in sugar are best. Almost all fruits and vegetables are permitted, although fruits that are acidic, such as citrus fruits, should be avoided or consumed rarely. Smooth or chunky peanut butter may also be eaten, if the person with the ulcer can tolerate it.
Peptic ulcers can affect people differently, and some foods may not cause stomach distress for every individual with this condition. The diet, however, is created as a general guide for all those who have this problem. Foods recommended for this diet are those less likely to cause heartburn, indigestion, and irritation of the stomach lining.
When consuming poultry, such as chicken or turkey, skinless is best. Fried foods should be avoided, although baked or grilled meats are acceptable. When preparing fresh bacon, it should be well cooked to a crispy texture.
People on the peptic ulcer diet can eat whole grain rice, white rice, or brown rice, but should not eat fried rice. Pasta, including whole grain pastas and egg noodles, may be eaten. Dishes with tomato sauce should be avoided, due to the acidic content of tomatoes.
Most breakfast foods can be eaten on this diet. This includes all types of cereal, including oatmeal, as well as whole grain bagels and muffins. Eggs are fine for most people, although fried eggs should be avoided.
Fruit juice may be consumed while on a diet for peptic ulcer patients. It should be noted, however, that tomato juice may cause stomach irritation in some individuals with this condition. Citrus juices, such as orange and grapefruit juice, should also be avoided unless well tolerated.
Dairy products that are allowed on a peptic ulcer diet are those low in fat. Most cheeses can be consumed on this type of diet, although low-fat cheese is best, and sharp and spicy varieties should be avoided. Cottage cheese is permitted. Low fat yogurt is also allowed, and may include plain or fruit flavors. Those that contain fruits with seeds should not be eaten.
Most soups can be eaten, although tomato or tomato-based soups are the exception. Leans meats or chicken may be used as stock. Meat substitutes such as soy and tofu may be consumed.
Condiments and dressings are allowed, but only those that do not contain high amounts of fat. The individual on a peptic ulcer diet should choose mayonnaise and salad dressings that are low fat. Margarine should used instead of butter. Jellies, honey, or sugar are also allowed in moderation. Strawberry jams and preserves with seeds should be avoided, however.
Snacks and desserts such as gelatin, graham crackers, and angel food cake are permitted. Low-fat pound cake may be eaten sparingly. Rice cakes are also acceptable.