The sclera is the medical term for the white of the eye. In general, sclerology refers to an alternative medicine practice that relies on examining the sclera for clues to overall health. These clues can involve the overall shape or color of the sclera, as well as the presence and pattern of red lines in the sclera.
This practice has apparently been around for thousands of years. Very old Chinese drawings of the sclera suggest that this method was used in ancient China. In addition, this method is also believed to have been practiced by certain Native American tribes, but this is based on word of mouth and not on actual writings or drawings.
The basic idea behind sclerology is that subtle emotional or physical changes happening in the body will first show up in the sclera of the eye. For this reason, a main claim is that this method can detect these subtle problems before they begin to manifest a full range of symptoms. Some practitioners believe that a person’s innate weaknesses or predispositions for certain diseases can be seen in the sclera many years before they would be detected by Western science methods. By recognizing these weaknesses or predispositions, a person can then begin to alter his or her lifestyle to try to prevent, or at least delay, the onset of symptoms.
Many sclerologists either are or work closely with herbalists or naturopaths and will suggest certain supplements or nutritional aids to deal with any problems seen in the sclera. Others may suggest relaxation or other stress-reducing techniques for a person whose sclera suggests that he or she is dealing with emotional problems. In the case that a potentially serious medical problem is possible, a sclerologist would suggest that a patient see a practitioner of Western medicine, or an allopathic doctor.
Another common goal of this practice is to pinpoint the true cause of a patient’s problematic symptom. For example, a patient struggling with being overweight despite exercising and healthy eating habits may see a sclerologist to help determine the true cause of his or her weight problem. A weight problem may result from thyroid problems, hormonal imbalances, or a wide range of other metabolic problems. Sclerology claims that the true cause of these types of issues will often be visible in the sclera.
Sclerology also claims that it can help monitor treatments. As a treatment changes the body, it will show in the sclera. Sclerology can therefore be used to monitor Western medical treatments or alternative treatment plans.
Although the majority of medical professionals do not believe that sclerology is a valid science, there are no known dangers to this practice. The only concern regarding this practice voiced by most doctors is that patients with serious health issues should not rely on sclerology and postpone Western medical treatment. Another drawback is that sclerology sessions tend to be expensive but insurance does not cover them.