We are independent & ad-supported. We may earn a commission for purchases made through our links.
Advertiser Disclosure
Our website is an independent, advertising-supported platform. We provide our content free of charge to our readers, and to keep it that way, we rely on revenue generated through advertisements and affiliate partnerships. This means that when you click on certain links on our site and make a purchase, we may earn a commission. Learn more.
How We Make Money
We sustain our operations through affiliate commissions and advertising. If you click on an affiliate link and make a purchase, we may receive a commission from the merchant at no additional cost to you. We also display advertisements on our website, which help generate revenue to support our work and keep our content free for readers. Our editorial team operates independently of our advertising and affiliate partnerships to ensure that our content remains unbiased and focused on providing you with the best information and recommendations based on thorough research and honest evaluations. To remain transparent, we’ve provided a list of our current affiliate partners here.

What is Myositis Ossificans?

Mary McMahon
By
Updated Feb 06, 2024
Our promise to you
WiseGeek is dedicated to creating trustworthy, high-quality content that always prioritizes transparency, integrity, and inclusivity above all else. Our ensure that our content creation and review process includes rigorous fact-checking, evidence-based, and continual updates to ensure accuracy and reliability.

Our Promise to you

Founded in 2002, our company has been a trusted resource for readers seeking informative and engaging content. Our dedication to quality remains unwavering—and will never change. We follow a strict editorial policy, ensuring that our content is authored by highly qualified professionals and edited by subject matter experts. This guarantees that everything we publish is objective, accurate, and trustworthy.

Over the years, we've refined our approach to cover a wide range of topics, providing readers with reliable and practical advice to enhance their knowledge and skills. That's why millions of readers turn to us each year. Join us in celebrating the joy of learning, guided by standards you can trust.

Editorial Standards

At WiseGeek, we are committed to creating content that you can trust. Our editorial process is designed to ensure that every piece of content we publish is accurate, reliable, and informative.

Our team of experienced writers and editors follows a strict set of guidelines to ensure the highest quality content. We conduct thorough research, fact-check all information, and rely on credible sources to back up our claims. Our content is reviewed by subject-matter experts to ensure accuracy and clarity.

We believe in transparency and maintain editorial independence from our advertisers. Our team does not receive direct compensation from advertisers, allowing us to create unbiased content that prioritizes your interests.

Myositis ossificans is an unusual condition in which bone starts growing inside the muscle. It is also sometimes known as heterotopic ossification. This condition can be identified with the use of x-ray images which will reveal deposits of bone within the muscle and in locations where bone should not be present. The approach to treatment depends on the location of the bone growth, the underlying cause, and factors such as the patient's age.

There are several reasons why someone might develop myositis ossificans. In some people, it is hereditary. People will develop progressive bone growth in their muscles, and over time, the condition can become fatal in some patients. In an unusual genetic condition known as fibrodysplasia ossificans progressiva (FOP), damages to the patient's tissue result in the growth of bone, leading to widespread heterotopic ossification throughout the body over time.

In other cases, people have no known genetic conditions which would lead to myositis ossificans, with the condition appearing as a result of trauma. Individuals with spinal cord injuries and paralysis are at risk, as are people who have had deep muscle injuries which resulted in internal hematomas, such as a kicking injury in a sport such as football. In this case, bone will grow inside the thigh or arm muscles as the muscle heals.

There are some steps which can be taken to reduce the risk of myositis ossificans after an injury. Some medications can be used in patients with spinal injuries, and the routine recommendations for injury care such as icing to prevent inflammation appear to help as well. It is also important to work with an experienced doctor while treating an injury so that signs of complications can be identified early.

When bone growth is identified in an area where it should not be occurring, the doctor determines the cause first. If someone has a genetic condition, the cause may already be apparent, but if someone does not or doesn't have a family history of related disease, some tests may be conducted, along with an extensive patient interview, to learn more about the patient and the situation. Once the cause is identified, treatment options can be discussed.

Sometimes, the extra bone is spontaneously reabsorbed by the body, especially in the case of traumatic myositis ossificans such as that caused by a sports injury. In other instances, it may be severe enough to require surgery to remove the bone. Generally, a wait and see approach will be recommended, with periodic examinations to see whether the condition is progressing or remaining stable.

WiseGeek is dedicated to providing accurate and trustworthy information. We carefully select reputable sources and employ a rigorous fact-checking process to maintain the highest standards. To learn more about our commitment to accuracy, read our editorial process.
Mary McMahon
By Mary McMahon

Ever since she began contributing to the site several years ago, Mary has embraced the exciting challenge of being a WiseGeek researcher and writer. Mary has a liberal arts degree from Goddard College and spends her free time reading, cooking, and exploring the great outdoors.

Discussion Comments
Mary McMahon
Mary McMahon

Ever since she began contributing to the site several years ago, Mary has embraced the exciting challenge of being a...

Learn more
WiseGeek, in your inbox

Our latest articles, guides, and more, delivered daily.

WiseGeek, in your inbox

Our latest articles, guides, and more, delivered daily.