We are independent & ad-supported. We may earn a commission for purchases made through our links.
Advertiser Disclosure
Our website is an independent, advertising-supported platform. We provide our content free of charge to our readers, and to keep it that way, we rely on revenue generated through advertisements and affiliate partnerships. This means that when you click on certain links on our site and make a purchase, we may earn a commission. Learn more.
How We Make Money
We sustain our operations through affiliate commissions and advertising. If you click on an affiliate link and make a purchase, we may receive a commission from the merchant at no additional cost to you. We also display advertisements on our website, which help generate revenue to support our work and keep our content free for readers. Our editorial team operates independently of our advertising and affiliate partnerships to ensure that our content remains unbiased and focused on providing you with the best information and recommendations based on thorough research and honest evaluations. To remain transparent, we’ve provided a list of our current affiliate partners here.

What Is California's State Flower?

Marjorie McAtee
By
Updated Feb 17, 2024
Our promise to you
WiseGeek is dedicated to creating trustworthy, high-quality content that always prioritizes transparency, integrity, and inclusivity above all else. Our ensure that our content creation and review process includes rigorous fact-checking, evidence-based, and continual updates to ensure accuracy and reliability.

Our Promise to you

Founded in 2002, our company has been a trusted resource for readers seeking informative and engaging content. Our dedication to quality remains unwavering—and will never change. We follow a strict editorial policy, ensuring that our content is authored by highly qualified professionals and edited by subject matter experts. This guarantees that everything we publish is objective, accurate, and trustworthy.

Over the years, we've refined our approach to cover a wide range of topics, providing readers with reliable and practical advice to enhance their knowledge and skills. That's why millions of readers turn to us each year. Join us in celebrating the joy of learning, guided by standards you can trust.

Editorial Standards

At WiseGeek, we are committed to creating content that you can trust. Our editorial process is designed to ensure that every piece of content we publish is accurate, reliable, and informative.

Our team of experienced writers and editors follows a strict set of guidelines to ensure the highest quality content. We conduct thorough research, fact-check all information, and rely on credible sources to back up our claims. Our content is reviewed by subject-matter experts to ensure accuracy and clarity.

We believe in transparency and maintain editorial independence from our advertisers. Our team does not receive direct compensation from advertisers, allowing us to create unbiased content that prioritizes your interests.

California's state flower is the California poppy, also known as the golden poppy because it is usually bright yellow or reddish in color. Scientifically known as Eschscholzia Californica, this poppy is indigenous to California and Mexico, but it has been known to vastly exceed its native range, and has even been found growing wild in other countries, including France and Chile. The golden poppy was officially designated as California's state flower in 1903. It's celebrated with an annual state holiday, California Poppy Day, on 6 April, and with Poppy Week, which occurs yearly from 13 to 18 May. The seeds, roots and leaves of California's state flower are considered to have sub-opiate properties, and were traditionally used by native peoples to treat insomnia and relieve pain.

The species of poppy native to California appears to prefer desert habitats. As garden plants, they are considered well-suited to rocky or sandy soil. California's state flower is also common in the desert regions of Nevada, the Baja peninsula, southern Washington State, and New Mexico. They have been known to thrive at relatively high elevations of up to 6561.7 feet (2,000 meters). They typically grow to a height of between 7.9 and 23.6 inches (20 to 60 centimeters). The blooms are typically bright yellow, orange or reddish and can reach widths of 1 to 2 inches (2.5 to 5 centimeters).

The golden poppy belongs to the poppy family, Papaverales, which is part of the subclass Magnoliidae. As a species, the California poppy is considered so ancient that the course of its genetic evolution may not be accurately determined. Many botanists consider these poppies to be among the last survivors of a prehistoric group of flowering plants now largely extinct.

Native Americans of the region are believed to have relied on the California poppy's medicinal properties for pain relief and sedative purposes. Native peoples are believed to have created infusions from the plant's boiled stems, leaves and roots. Modern herbalists believe that the California poppy contains a sub-opiate compound, similar to morphine, but lacking the side effect of central nervous system depression. Some continue to use California's state flower for its medicinal properties, which, in addition to pain relief and sedation, may also include anti-spasmodic properties. Conditions for which the California poppy may have medicinal value include insomnia, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), persistent cough, and nerve pain.

WiseGeek is dedicated to providing accurate and trustworthy information. We carefully select reputable sources and employ a rigorous fact-checking process to maintain the highest standards. To learn more about our commitment to accuracy, read our editorial process.
Link to Sources
Marjorie McAtee
By Marjorie McAtee
Marjorie McAtee, a talented writer and editor with over 15 years of experience, brings her diverse background and education to everything she writes. With degrees in relevant fields, she crafts compelling content that informs, engages, and inspires readers across various platforms. Her ability to understand and connect with audiences makes her a skilled member of any content creation team.
Discussion Comments
Marjorie McAtee
Marjorie McAtee
Marjorie McAtee, a talented writer and editor with over 15 years of experience, brings her diverse background and education to everything she writes. With degrees in relevant fields, she crafts compelling content that informs, engages, and inspires readers across various platforms. Her ability to understand and connect with audiences makes her a skilled member of any content creation team.
WiseGeek, in your inbox

Our latest articles, guides, and more, delivered daily.

WiseGeek, in your inbox

Our latest articles, guides, and more, delivered daily.