What Is a Wireless Thermostat?

Mal Baxter

Contemporary wireless thermostat devices are capable of interfacing with remote sensors instead of mechanical sensors. Essentially, these wireless devices are controllers that react to temperature changes by activating and deactivating heating, ventilation, and air-conditioning system (HVAC) equipment. This permits them to respond more expediently to internal and external temperature variations of energy-efficient structures. By relying on microwave transmission technology, wireless thermostat devices are able to access remote sensors and equipment separated by entire floors. They are also capable of increased automation functions when linked with complex environmental control systems.

A wireless thermostat.
A wireless thermostat.

The term wireless refers to a microwave transceiver that sends and receives signals between electronic components. This technology may be used to link various computers, household appliances, and equipment with a common data protocol. Such networks may be referred to as wireless fidelity, or Wi-Fi, as well as local area networks (LAN). In such environments, wireless thermostat units not only adjust equipment according to temperature needs, but can assist in energy use monitoring, analysis, and efficiency.

Thermostats can control heating and air conditioning of a home or building.
Thermostats can control heating and air conditioning of a home or building.

Many wireless thermostat products come housed in wall mounts, often with touchscreen interfaces. Their readouts may include much more than temperature information. Additional data can include humidity and weather status, along with other green features such as energy consumption, lighting controls, and other home automation features. Thermostats may be networked into existing wiring, connecting with a home's HVAC system. Computers can interface with thermostats through the use of a common wireless router.

Units often feature digital displays. These might support large alphanumeric readouts that are easier to read across the room. They may be affixed to the wall or come with a stand to be placed anywhere people might occupy a space. Benefiting from numerous innovations, many thermostats can be programmed for complex environmental customizations as well. These might include automated scheduling, remote monitoring, activation, and adjustment from practically anywhere in the world.

Sometimes portable wireless thermostat units can be placed from room to room to optimize the comfort level of occupants. Using these components can also benefit homes not previously wired for thermostats. Internet protocol (IP) wireless thermostat devices are the variety that can link via microwave transmission to a computer. Networking systems online permits remote operation of a thermostat over the Internet, as well as more fully customized automation from virtually anywhere. Armed with this technology, users can enjoy more efficient use of energy resources and a more environmentally friendly home.

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