A freelance interpreter may be hired to provide language translation services on a case-by-case basis. These interpretation professionals can fill gaps in coverage for organizations that have need for such services. For example, a court may not maintain a full time Korean interpreter on staff because of limited need. When a case where the need for someone who can interpret Korean arises, the court can hire a freelance interpreter to provide coverage. Having a license or certification may be necessary for some jobs.
People may choose to specialize in a particular kind of interpretation, like medical or legal. This requires knowledge of some specialized terms and concepts which may not necessarily be understood by all interpreters. Others offer more general services. Some carry certifications indicating that they have received advanced training. These can be useful when it comes to soliciting clients.
Marketing is an important part of the job for a freelance interpreter. This can include distributing cards and brochures to people who might be prospective clients, as well as getting listed in directories of interpreters available to provide services in a region. Many courts, for example, have a list of approved interpreters that they consult when seeking a freelance interpreter, in which case people need to be on that list if they want to be called. Some may place advertisements in regional publications to provide information about their services, and also work to develop a word of mouth reputation.
When a client contacts a freelance interpreter to discuss a job, the two can discuss the specifics and terms. The interpreter wants to know what kind of services are needed, and how much time may be dedicated to the job. Some may be subject to arbitrary fee schedules set by a hospital or court to ensure uniformity, while others can set their own rates and provide a quote for the client. This quote may be subject to change if the job is more complex or contains elements that were not disclosed.
Some interpreters prefer to work under a contract clearly spelling out the rights and responsibilities of both parties. The interpreter agrees to provide a service that does not include offering opinions, suggestions, or additional information on the material translated. This protects interpreters from liability and entanglements on the job. Once the interpretation services are complete, a bill can be generated for the client or a third party paying for the services. Collecting payments from clients can be necessary, as some clients may be sluggish with payments, which can sometimes create problems.