Electrotechnology is a high-tech industry encompassing careers in communications, sustainable energy, electronics, electric systems, and informatics. Areas of specialization include anything from repairing complex components to installing switches. Most experts work in several fields at once. While many professionals have a university degree, it is also possible to get involved in the industry by obtaining an electrotechnical certificate.
An electrotechnical certificate can be obtained from local colleges, Registered Training Organizations (RTOs), and technical academies. Most courses last for nine to twelve months and end with a Level I certification. Some secondary schools also offer the option of graduating with an electrotechnical certificate, so it's worth researching this option as well.
After obtaining a Level I electrotechnical certificate, professionals can work as helpers and aids to other professionals, or undertake basic repairs and servicing of electrical and communications equipment, from washing machines to telephone lines. People who have a Level I electrotechnical certificate usually work under the guidance of a Master Electrician. For those wishing to provide more complex services such as installation of security systems, antennas, or complex office equipment, it's possible to continue studying and obtain a Level II electrotechnical certificate, which allows somebody to work without supervision and provide more complex services.
A licensed electrician holds a Level III electrotechnical certificate. These type of professionals are trained to understand building codes and regulations, fire protection laws, and wiring testing and installation. A Level III electrotechnical certificate is the equivalent to a licensing for electricians and other related professionals. They can handle the installation of electrical systems during building construction, do maintenance work, and deal with the connection of circuit breakers and the installation of household electronics such as alarms.
A heating, refrigeration and air-conditioning expert usually holds a Level IV electrotechnical certificate. They are skilled in installing and maintaining systems in both domestic and commercial settings, and can deal with problems in electric, gas, or solar systems. Most people who go on to obtain an electrotechnical certificate eventually go on to start their own business.