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What are the Most Common Symptoms of Miscarriage?

Christina Edwards
Christina Edwards

A miscarriage, sometimes referred to as a spontaneous miscarriage, occurs when a pregnancy ends spontaneously before a fetus is able to survive outside of the womb. Most miscarriages occur before the end of the first trimester, and symptoms include bleeding and cramping. Symptoms of miscarriage after the first trimester may include heavier bleeding and more intense cramping.

Bleeding is one of the most common symptoms of miscarriage. During the first trimester, bleeding that is light may not necessarily indicate a miscarriage. Heavier bleeding, on the other hand, usually indicates a threatened miscarriage, and prompt medical attention is advised.

Smoking cigarettes during pregnancy can cause miscarriages.
Smoking cigarettes during pregnancy can cause miscarriages.

Cramping is another one of the more common signs of miscarriage during the first trimester. Cramps can be moderate to severe, and often feel like regular menstrual cramps. These early symptoms of miscarriage are very similar to a regular period. Because of this, some women may not even realized that they had a miscarriage or were even pregnant, especially if it happens during the first month of the pregnancy.

After the first trimester, bleeding is also one of the most common symptoms of miscarriage. Later in a pregnancy, the bleeding will typically be heavier, though. A woman may also pass large clots out of her vagina.

Some women are re-vaccinated for measles in order to prevent miscarriages.
Some women are re-vaccinated for measles in order to prevent miscarriages.

In some instances, a woman experiencing a late miscarriage may also pass fetal tissue out her vagina. This will typically be pinkish gray in color. If this happens, it should be caught in a container to accompany her to the emergency room, which will help doctors confirm the miscarriage.

Similar to an early miscarriage, a woman experiencing a late miscarriage may also experience pain. This pain, however, will typically be much more severe, and may even resemble labor pains. Besides the abdomen, pain may also be felt in the lower back.

Signs of a miscarriage may include pain and heavy bleeding.
Signs of a miscarriage may include pain and heavy bleeding.

Other symptoms of miscarriage can include fatigue and fever. Nausea is also common during a miscarriage. It is important for a woman to seek medical attention if she believes that she may be having a miscarriage. There is a possibility that the pregnancy can be saved. If it can't, a doctor should check examine the woman to ensure an incomplete miscarriage did not occur. In this case, parts of the fetus are still in the womb, and if left untreated, a serious infection is very possible.

Severe pain in the lower back may be a sign of a late miscarriage.
Severe pain in the lower back may be a sign of a late miscarriage.

While the causes of miscarriage are not usually known, some women are more at risk than others. Research suggests older parents, including both the mother and the father, are more at risk of a naturally terminated pregnancy. Also, illnesses and injuries may also contribute to miscarriages.

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    • Smoking cigarettes during pregnancy can cause miscarriages.
      By: Elnur
      Smoking cigarettes during pregnancy can cause miscarriages.
    • Some women are re-vaccinated for measles in order to prevent miscarriages.
      By: Attila NĂ©meth
      Some women are re-vaccinated for measles in order to prevent miscarriages.
    • Signs of a miscarriage may include pain and heavy bleeding.
      By: olesiabilkei
      Signs of a miscarriage may include pain and heavy bleeding.
    • Severe pain in the lower back may be a sign of a late miscarriage.
      By: doble.d
      Severe pain in the lower back may be a sign of a late miscarriage.
    • A woman who has experienced a miscarriage will likely still be able to carry a healthy pregnancy in the future.
      By: Monkey Business
      A woman who has experienced a miscarriage will likely still be able to carry a healthy pregnancy in the future.