What are the Different Types of Memory Loss Test?

Elva K.
Elva K.
There are many types of memory loss tests available.
There are many types of memory loss tests available.

There are varying kinds of memory loss test options which provide a means of measuring and categorizing memory loss. Measurement and categorization of memory loss helps physicians pinpoint a diagnosis, which in turn helps them identify the best treatment for the patient. These memory loss test options vary in length.

For instance, doctors may give a brief memory loss test such as a Mini-Cog. While doing a Mini-Cog test, the doctor says three words and then asks the patient to remember those words later. Also, the doctor asks the patient to do a drawing of a clock. There may also be a brief mental status exam such as the Folstein Mini-Mental State Exam (MMSE) which assesses orientation to time and place, attention, arithmetic calculation, recall, everyday language, and motor skill.

An MRI scan can examine the brain for reasons why a person is experiencing memory loss.
An MRI scan can examine the brain for reasons why a person is experiencing memory loss.

One is typically considered to have memory problems if one is not able to get 20 out of 30 questions correct on the MMSE. Example questions on the MMSE are "what is your name?" or "what is the date today?" or items of that nature. Other items might include being requested to count backward from 100, doing simple arithmetic, repeating a series of words, or spelling various words backward.

Children who experience memory loss often suffer from frequent confusion.
Children who experience memory loss often suffer from frequent confusion.

The doctor may choose to give a lengthier memory loss test such as the ADAS-Cog, which is 30 minutes in duration. Also, there may be more neuropsychological memory loss test options. For instance, there could be tests which include assessment of language, visual-spatial, problem solving, concentration, in addition to testing memory skills.

Medical tests may be included in the exam such as urine testing or blood testing to find out if there is thyroid or vitamin deficiency. Brain imaging testing might be done also, such as magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) or computed tomography (CT) scan testing. These particular scans are done to determine the shape and volume of the human brain while also checking for symptoms of stroke, tumor, or head injury that could cause potential memory problems. Positron emission tomography (PET) scans, functional MRIs, and single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) are also done to assess brain use of oxygen and sugar in addition to the memory testing that is done.

Functional MRIs allow doctors to track blood flow in the brain, and look for irregularities.
Functional MRIs allow doctors to track blood flow in the brain, and look for irregularities.

In memory assessment, spinal fluid testing might be done to measure the levels of protein associated with Alzheimer's disease. Also, genetic testing might be done in some cases because doctors know that a genetic variation called APOE4 happens to be associated with increased likelihood of memory problems and dementia after the age of 65. Of course, not all persons with APOE4 necessarily develop Alzheimer's. Still, the test for APOE4 is sometimes done.

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Discussion Comments

John57

If Alzheimer's or dementia runs in your family and you notice that you are having some memory loss symptoms, the best thing to do is get checked as soon as possible. We had to do this with my mother, even though she really drug her feet about getting it done. Genetic testing can give the doctors some good insight into the problem.

They do not have a cure, but there are some medications that can help with the symptoms. This is a very hard thing for everybody to get a handle on, and becoming part of a support group can be very beneficial for the whole family.

andee

Playing different memory games on the computer is a fun way to keep my brain sharp. I understand that just playing a game on a computer is much different than being tested for memory loss though.

I think that just the idea of being tested would make you so nervous that you would not do very well. Sometimes the harder you concentrate on something the harder it is to remember. If you start to focus on something else - then it comes to you. That doesn't work very well if you are taking a timed test though.

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    • There are many types of memory loss tests available.
      By: rainbow33
      There are many types of memory loss tests available.
    • An MRI scan can examine the brain for reasons why a person is experiencing memory loss.
      By: James Steidl
      An MRI scan can examine the brain for reasons why a person is experiencing memory loss.
    • Children who experience memory loss often suffer from frequent confusion.
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      Children who experience memory loss often suffer from frequent confusion.
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      Functional MRIs allow doctors to track blood flow in the brain, and look for irregularities.
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