Stomach ache medicines include antacids, anti-nausea medications, and pain relievers. In addition, medication that relieves pain associated with gas is sometimes used for stomach ache. Most of the time, stomach aches will get better on their own, without treatment, however, sometimes the pain is severe and may require stomach ache medicine. The cause of stomach pain, if it can be determined, should dictate the type of stomach ache medicines chosen for treatment.
Often, stomach pain is the result of acid indigestion, which is also referred to as heartburn. Heartburn is caused by the overproduction of acid inside the stomach. This pain begins in the stomach, but frequently spreads all the way up to the throat, and manifests as a burning sensation. Antacids are one of the stomach ache medicines that generally help to relieve this type of pain. Antacids contain elements that neutralize acid in the stomach and are also used to treat stomach ulcers.
Some abdominal pain is caused by gas buildup in the stomach. Gas-related abdominal pain is usually treated with stomach ache medicines that contain simethicone, an active ingredient that reduces gas in the stomach. People who have chronic problems with gas buildup may take simethicone prior to eating, which may help prevent gases from forming. Stomach pain associated with the buildup of gas in the stomach may have many different causes, but is often the result of overeating or eating too fast.
Constipation is another common cause for stomach pain and is usually treated with laxatives. Most constipation responds to over-the-counter medication, but in some cases, more aggressive treatment may be necessary. Some cases of constipation may require forced evacuation, such as an enema. Enemas are given by forcing water and stool softeners into the bowels, using an exterior plastic tube inserted into the rectum. Enema kits can usually be purchased over the counter at most grocery and drug stores.
In some cases, abdominal pain may continue, even after being treated with stomach ache medicines. Sometimes continued pain could indicate a more serious condition, such as appendicitis, a condition that usually causes severe stomach pain that is often accompanied by vomiting. Appendicitis is a serious condition and usually requires prompt medical attention. In appendicitis, stomach pain is typically more severe on the lower, righthand side of the abdomen. In some cases, if left untreated, the appendix can rupture or burst, which can cause life-threatening complications.