What are Different Types of Fitness Plans?

Stacy Carey

Whether one’s goal is to lose weight, improve muscle tone or endurance or achieve better all-around fitness, there are many fitness plans available that one can employ. Fitness plans can focus on aerobic exercise, muscle and strength building or full-body workouts, and they can be tailored to fit beginner, intermediate or master fitness levels. Most complete fitness plans will also incorporate a nutrition element so that a healthy balance between exercise and eating can be achieved and maintained.

Some fitness plans focus on aerobic exercise like jogging or walking.
Some fitness plans focus on aerobic exercise like jogging or walking.

Strength and muscle building is a key component to any plan for fitness. Incorporating muscle building into one’s fitness plan does not mean that a gym membership is necessary or that one will become a professional bodybuilder. Adding an emphasis on strength building into one’s personal fitness plan is helpful because it will increase lean muscle mass, burn calories more efficiently and reduce body fat. Strength training also boosts stamina, develops strong bones and helps manage chronic conditions such as depression, arthritis and osteoporosis.

Jumping rope can be incorporated into a cardio fitness routine.
Jumping rope can be incorporated into a cardio fitness routine.

Fitness plans that focus on strength training can incorporate a variety of equipment, either at home or at a fitness center. Many exercises can be done using one’s own body weight, including leg squats, abdominal crunches and push-ups. Inexpensive resistance tubing is available at most sporting goods stores and adds a new dimension to strength-training options. Free weights and weight machines can be used at home or fitness centers as traditional tools to build muscle and strength.

A person must lift heavy weights in low repetitions in order to build muscle mass.
A person must lift heavy weights in low repetitions in order to build muscle mass.

Aerobic exercise is a core component of many fitness training plans. Regular aerobic exercise helps shed extra pounds, reduce health risks, boost one’s mood and strengthen one’s heart. One benefit of an emphasis on aerobic exercise in a fitness plan is the versatility in options available. Popular choices include walking, running, bicycling and swimming. Any activity that gets one moving and the heart rate up counts as aerobic exercise, including things such as dancing, jumping rope or even some of the popular video games that get a person physically involved.

Working out at the gym is often part of a fitness plan.
Working out at the gym is often part of a fitness plan.

Nutrition is an essential component in weight loss fitness plans. There are many different types of diet and nutritional plans available, but a balanced, common-sense approach is often best. Incorporating water, fruits, vegetables, healthy carbohydrates and proteins into one's diet will provide energy and stamina and can promote healthy weight loss. One should ensure that a sensible nutrition plan is in place for any physical fitness plans, because one’s body needs solid nourishment in order to perform at a beneficial level during exercise.

Fitness plans should include clearly defined goals.
Fitness plans should include clearly defined goals.
Lifting weights is often part of a fitness plan.
Lifting weights is often part of a fitness plan.

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Discussion Comments

Rundocuri

I think that one reason many people fail to follow through with fitness plans is that they try to do too much too fast. A good weight loss exercise plan does not have to include strenuous exercise at first. Simply starting by doing stretches and walking several times each week will help you develop stamina and strength. Over time, you will be able to add more to your workout plan. The best way to do this is to get the advice of a personal trainer or your doctor to guide you along the way to developing the best fitness plan for you.

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