We are independent & ad-supported. We may earn a commission for purchases made through our links.
Advertiser Disclosure
Our website is an independent, advertising-supported platform. We provide our content free of charge to our readers, and to keep it that way, we rely on revenue generated through advertisements and affiliate partnerships. This means that when you click on certain links on our site and make a purchase, we may earn a commission. Learn more.
How We Make Money
We sustain our operations through affiliate commissions and advertising. If you click on an affiliate link and make a purchase, we may receive a commission from the merchant at no additional cost to you. We also display advertisements on our website, which help generate revenue to support our work and keep our content free for readers. Our editorial team operates independently of our advertising and affiliate partnerships to ensure that our content remains unbiased and focused on providing you with the best information and recommendations based on thorough research and honest evaluations. To remain transparent, we’ve provided a list of our current affiliate partners here.

In the US Senate, what is the Nuclear Option?

Mary McMahon
Updated Jan 29, 2024
Our promise to you
WiseGeek is dedicated to creating trustworthy, high-quality content that always prioritizes transparency, integrity, and inclusivity above all else. Our ensure that our content creation and review process includes rigorous fact-checking, evidence-based, and continual updates to ensure accuracy and reliability.

Our Promise to you

Founded in 2002, our company has been a trusted resource for readers seeking informative and engaging content. Our dedication to quality remains unwavering—and will never change. We follow a strict editorial policy, ensuring that our content is authored by highly qualified professionals and edited by subject matter experts. This guarantees that everything we publish is objective, accurate, and trustworthy.

Over the years, we've refined our approach to cover a wide range of topics, providing readers with reliable and practical advice to enhance their knowledge and skills. That's why millions of readers turn to us each year. Join us in celebrating the joy of learning, guided by standards you can trust.

Editorial Standards

At WiseGeek, we are committed to creating content that you can trust. Our editorial process is designed to ensure that every piece of content we publish is accurate, reliable, and informative.

Our team of experienced writers and editors follows a strict set of guidelines to ensure the highest quality content. We conduct thorough research, fact-check all information, and rely on credible sources to back up our claims. Our content is reviewed by subject-matter experts to ensure accuracy and clarity.

We believe in transparency and maintain editorial independence from our advertisers. Our team does not receive direct compensation from advertisers, allowing us to create unbiased content that prioritizes your interests.

The so-called “nuclear option” in the United States senate is a technique which could potentially be used to end a filibuster. Filibusters are an important part of the Senate's rich tradition, and while filibusters are not used frequently, a few have attracted great public attention. With the nuclear option, a simple majority in the Senate could force the issue being filibustered to be tabled, meaning that the Senate would go on with its daily business and return to the issue later.

Before explaining how the nuclear option works, it can help to know what a filibuster is. According to the rules of the United States Senate, nothing limits debate and discussion on an issue being considered by the Senate. A filibuster is used, therefore, to drag out a Senate decision, with a Senator or group of Senators holding the floor with speeches. Typically, a group of Senators works together to hold a filibuster, trading off with each other as they tire out. While the filibuster is carried out, the Senate is not able to go on with its daily business, meaning that it will start to fall behind.

As a result, the decision to filibuster is not taken lightly, and often the members of the Senate will attempt to compromise before the point of filibuster is reached. However, filibusters do happen, and therefore Senators seek out ways to put an end to filibusters. One way to end a filibuster is to invoke cloture, forcing an immediate vote on the issue; if 2/3 of the Senators vote together, the filibuster is ended, and the Senate can carry on with its business.

However, cloture votes aren't always successful, because filibuster often involves a conflict between a very small majority and the minority. As a result, Senators have used the nuclear option several times since the 1950s to end a filibuster.

When the nuclear option is used, a Senator opposed to the filibuster interrupts with a point of order, a request under parliamentary procedure in which the chair is asked to make a ruling to determine whether or not the rules of the Senate have been broken. Because a point of order is meant to remind the Senate of its rules, a point of order can be raised at any time, and the Chair must rule on it immediately. In the case of the nuclear option, the Senator who makes the point of order requests an immediate vote on the issue, and after the Chair rules, another Senator moves to table the issue; since tabling is non-debatable, this forces the Senate to vote, thereby ending the filibuster, and a simple majority decides the outcome of the vote, rather than a 2/3 majority.

Using the nuclear option is extremely controversial, and some people argue that it sets a dangerous precedent. Supporters of the filibuster argue that it is a crucial part of Senate proceedings, ensuring that the Senate is not dominated by a narrow majority, and encouraging cooperation and compromise between Senators on either side of the aisle. By breaking down a filibuster, the majority may bully the Senate into getting what it wants, but it also goes against the fundamental spirit of the Senate.

WiseGeek is dedicated to providing accurate and trustworthy information. We carefully select reputable sources and employ a rigorous fact-checking process to maintain the highest standards. To learn more about our commitment to accuracy, read our editorial process.
Mary McMahon
By Mary McMahon

Ever since she began contributing to the site several years ago, Mary has embraced the exciting challenge of being a WiseGeek researcher and writer. Mary has a liberal arts degree from Goddard College and spends her free time reading, cooking, and exploring the great outdoors.

Discussion Comments
By Authordor — On Dec 10, 2013
On November 21, 2013, Senate Democrats moved to permanently change the rules of how the U.S. Senate operates. Democrats used this rare parliamentary move so that presidential nominees to the federal judicial system and executive-office appointments can advance to confirmation votes by a simple majority of 51 senators, rather than the 60-vote supermajority that has been the standard for nearly four decades. This particular form of the 'nuclear option' was enacted by Senate Democrats to unblock the bottle-neck of federal appointments created by members of the minority Republican party since the 2012 elections.

This action in the Senate has been cited as either the best or worst thing to happen to filibuster reform in 60 years.

By Ravellu — On Dec 10, 2013

Has the 'nuclear option' been used recently in the Senate?

Mary McMahon
Mary McMahon

Ever since she began contributing to the site several years ago, Mary has embraced the exciting challenge of being a...

Learn more
WiseGeek, in your inbox

Our latest articles, guides, and more, delivered daily.

WiseGeek, in your inbox

Our latest articles, guides, and more, delivered daily.