Permeable pavement is pavement which is designed to allow water to flow through it, rather than repulsing water like traditional pavement. There are a number of reasons to choose to install permeable pavement, with some people believing that this type of pavement is better for the environment. A wide range of styles of pavement can be produced in a way which makes them porous, and many contractors are capable of installing permeable paving products. It is also possible to buy permeable paving materials at home supply stores and construction warehouses, for people who like to do their own work around the home and garden.
When water hits permeable pavement, it trickles through the pores in the pavement. When the pavement is installed over gravel and sand to promote drainage, the surface of the pavement often stays relatively dry, with no standing water. From a public safety and comfort perspective, this type of pavement is very convenient because it does not allow puddles to accumulate, making it easier to walk and drive on. The reduction in runoff also cuts down on flooding and erosion, two major problems in areas with high rainfall.
In environmental terms, permeable pavement has a number of advantages. Rather than allowing water to run off, it sequesters it, keeping water in the local water table. The reduction of runoff also prevents the spread of pollution, and pollutants are often trapped in the pavement and underlying drainage materials, ensuring that they cannot spread. With the careful introduction of micro-organisms which eat pollutants like oil and live in the pores of the pavement, permeable pavement can even help with environmental cleanup.
Permeable pavers can be installed in gardens, driveways, and patios to promote drainage, and porous concrete can be poured for sidewalks, garden walls, and other concrete features in areas where allowing water to drain through the concrete would be appropriate. Permeable paving can also be installed in streets to prevent standing water in the road.
As a general rule, installing this type of pavement is more expensive than installing traditional pavement, with prices which can vary depending on the type of permeable pavement being used, and the situation. However, the reduction in erosion and environmental problems can represent a substantial savings in the long term, which is something to consider. The use of permeable paving in the garden, for example, can reduce the need to water, cutting down on water bills.