What Are Vegan Substitutes for Eggs?

Alicia Sparks

The various vegan substitutes for eggs consist of commercial egg replacement products, regular food items, and combinations of everyday ingredients. As is the case with almost all types of vegan food substitutes, the best egg substitute depends on the specific recipe. Generally, the recipe specifies which of the egg substitutes to use, but when this information isn’t available, vegans can follow certain tips to help them choose the best alternative for the recipe.

Pureed prunes can be used to substitute eggs.
Pureed prunes can be used to substitute eggs.

Some food companies specialize in products that act as vegan and vegetarian substitutes for meat, dairy, and other animal-derived foods. Typically, grocers that carry commercial vegan substitutes for eggs stock them in the dairy or produce sections. Since many grocers only stock the most in-demand products, though, it’s not always easy for every vegan to find commercial egg substitutes.

An egg.
An egg.

Generally, the kind of egg substitute a person uses depends on the recipe. For example, tofu is a popular egg substitute in recipes that call for many eggs, such as an egg salad, custard, or breakfast dishes that call for scrambled eggs. Bananas and applesauce, on the other hand, work better for deserts and baked goods. Depending on the dessert, though, some recipes allow for vegan baking substitutes such as soy milk, pureed apricot or squash, or silken tofu. Other types of vegan substitutes for eggs include mashed potatoes, pureed prunes, and canned pumpkin and squash.

Applesauce can be used as a substitute for eggs in some recipes.
Applesauce can be used as a substitute for eggs in some recipes.

Some vegan substitutes for eggs are mixtures of other common vegan cooking ingredients. Certain kinds of savory dishes, like loafs and casseroles, might allow for a combination of margarine and water, or simply bread crumbs or oats. Depending on the recipe, other common ingredient combinations that can act as vegan substitutes for eggs include flaxseed meal and water, yeast and water, baking powder and soy yogurt, soya flour and water, and oil, baking powder, and water.

Cookbooks, websites, and other vegan recipe resources provide information about vegan food substitutes required for each recipe, but unfortunately these resources aren’t always readily available. During such situations, the vegan can use certain tips to determine the best egg substitutes. These tips include choosing an egg substitute that matches the consistency, texture, and function that the regular eggs would produce in the recipe, as well as making sure the flavor of the substitute works with the intended taste of the final product. This is why, for example, tofu chunks work well for egg salads but not for muffins or cakes. At the same time, applesauce can replace eggs in pancakes but can’t replace scrambled eggs in a breakfast dish.

Tofu is a popular egg substitute.
Tofu is a popular egg substitute.

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Discussion Comments


Being a vegan myself, I don't go out to restaurants that often, but does anyone know if they have menus that pertain to my diet? When one goes out to eat, they really should take more time to think about those who are on diets, or who have restrictions. I've dined out several times, and they didn't even have a vegan menu. Hopefully, this changes very soon.


@RoyalSpyder - My friend's girlfriend is a vegan chef, and let me tell you, it can be quiet a hassle at first. However, like with most things, it's simply a period of adjustment. The hardest part about becoming a vegan isn't just that you don't eat meat, but you can't eat anything with dairy ingredients in it. Obviously, this includes milk, yogurt, and as the article discusses, eggs. However, despite some limitations of being a vegan, I appreciate this article for it's firmness. It's a step in the right direction for anyone who wants to be on a vegan diet, and it informs you on how to adjust, particularly with eggs. Great read.


Does anyone feel that being a vegan is a little too extreme? Yes, I know that there are those who don't like to eat meat, which is perfectly understandable, but when on a vegan diet, it's taken to another level.

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