Where does Curry Come from?

Mary McMahon
Mary McMahon

Curry is widely eaten throughout southeast Asia, although it has its roots in Indian cuisine. A curry is any type of spiced dish, usually with meat, fish, or vegetables and a rich sauce. The mixture of spices used to make a it often comes in a ground form known as curry powder, although it is also sold in the form of paste, suspended in oil and tamarind paste or other thickeners. This dish is widely eaten all over the world, thanks to the delicious taste and myriad variations used to prepare it.

Ground cumin, which is used to flavor curry.
Ground cumin, which is used to flavor curry.

The word “curry” probably originates from the Tamil word “kari,” which was used to refer to a relish or sauce for rice. Most Indian curries include turmeric, coriander, cumin, ginger, garlic, and chilies, although others also include spices like cinnamon, cloves, and allspice. While the spices were traditionally toasted and ground for every meal, many cooks use packaged spice mixes today. In Southern Indian cuisine, pungent spices like asafoetida are used, while Northern Indian cuisine favors more mild curries.

Poppy seeds, which are sometimes included in curry paste.
Poppy seeds, which are sometimes included in curry paste.

In Thailand, curry also plays an important culinary role. Most Thai curries include tamarind paste, lime juice, galangal, lemongrass, kaffir lime, garlic, chilies, shrimp paste, and the roots of cilantro, which are spicier than the leaves. Thai curries are often cooked in coconut milk, which makes them a rice and creamy accompaniment to fish, meats, and vegetables. These dishes often rely more on fresh herbs and vegetables and a short cooking time, so that the vegetables in the dish remain textured and crunchy.

Curry spices typically include ground coriander.
Curry spices typically include ground coriander.

In Malaysia and Indonesia, curries tend to be fiery and cooked in coconut milk to temper the strong chili flavor. In addition to being spicy, the dishes are frequently served with hot chili sauce, for diners who prefer their meals even more intense. Typical Malaysian curry includes cumin, coconut, coriander, fennel, red chilies, shrimp paste, turmeric, lemongrass, garlic, onion, salt, and nuts. In Indonesia, curry paste is often made with coconut, soured fish, limes, peanuts, onions, caraway, chilies, nutmeg, cloves, turmeric, ginger, and poppy seeds.

Nutmeg is a popular addition to curry blends.
Nutmeg is a popular addition to curry blends.

Curry or curry-like dishes are served in many other parts of the world as well. African and Caribbean cuisine, for example, both feature spicy dishes in thick sauces. China and Japan also serve curries, which tend to be more mild than their Indian counterparts. The powder also has a long history in European cuisine, with both France and Britain preparing unique foods with the spice mixture. Prepared powders and pastes from all over the world are readily available at most markets, and are well worth experimenting with. For a simple curry, a cook can use curry paste, coconut milk, and a protein source of his or her choice such as chicken, beef, or tofu. The protein should be seared, then the coconut milk and curry powder added, simmered, and served over steamed rice.

Cloves are often used in curry paste.
Cloves are often used in curry paste.
Curry may be served over steamed rice.
Curry may be served over steamed rice.
Asafoetida is an ingredient used to make the Southern Indian version of curry.
Asafoetida is an ingredient used to make the Southern Indian version of curry.
Curry is particularly popular in Southeast Asia.
Curry is particularly popular in Southeast Asia.
Chicken is often used in Indian curries.
Chicken is often used in Indian curries.
Thai curries can be cooked in coconut milk.
Thai curries can be cooked in coconut milk.
Many Indian curry dishes feature yogurt, herbs, and vegetables.
Many Indian curry dishes feature yogurt, herbs, and vegetables.
Mary McMahon
Mary McMahon

Ever since she began contributing to the site several years ago, Mary has embraced the exciting challenge of being a wiseGEEK researcher and writer. Mary has a liberal arts degree from Goddard College and spends her free time reading, cooking, and exploring the great outdoors.

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Discussion Comments

amypollick

@anon309853: I don't claim to be a curry expert -- just a curry lover. Indian curry, in my experience, has a more savory flavor. It often has a lot of cumin and turmeric, giving it that distinctive flavor. Indian curry is generally more pungent, perhaps a little smoky. It's not like any of the other curries.

Thai curry is much sweeter, although it can be just as spicy. It uses little, if any, cumin. There is also an herbal quality to Thai curry because of the different ingredients. Thai curry may even have a faint citrus flavor.

I'm a fan of either one. They're all delicious!

anon309853

Can someone tell me what makes Indian curry different from other curries? Thanks!

ZsaZsa56
If you buy curry powder in a major grocery store it can be ridiculously expensive. And since it is such a mild spice you end up using a lot of it and before you know it you are spending $30 a month on curry powder.

You can find much lower prices if you shop at international food stores. In them the curry powder is dirt cheap because it is a staple of so much of there world's cuisine.

Belted

Can anyone give me tips for making a good vegetarian curry?

What kind of vegetables go best in curry? I am inclined to think that you can throw just about anything in there but a lifetime of cooking has taught me that that line of thinking usually doesn't work.

Also, what is the best meat substitute to use in curry? Mushroom, tofu, seitin?

profess

Its funny that I saw this because I had curry just last night. I went to this Vietnamese place that is close to my house and had a dish of eggplant, carrots and onions in curry over rice.

I don't think that curry is technically Vietnamese but they serve it anyway in the way that a lot of Asian restaurants do. The authenticity doesn't bother me though. It was delicious. It is one of those dishes that you can finish and honestly think about ordering another plate of right there on the spot.

anon176952

curry is a pile of loveliness.

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