What Is the State Bird of Wyoming?

Nicole Etolen
Nicole Etolen
A map of the US.
A map of the US.

The Western Meadowlark, a large stocky bird with a short tail, is the official state bird of Wyoming. This bird has a yellow throat, chest and belly and brown back, with a black “V” across the chest. It is abundant throughout the western part of North America and is well known for its melodic song, which has a distinct seven to 10 note flute-like quality. The Western Meadowlark is in the same family as orioles and blackbirds.

The state bird of Wyoming is an open-country bird. It lives in grasslands, agricultural areas, prairies, and shrub-steppe areas. It rarely migrates during the winter, instead preferring to seek sheltered areas in fields and wetlands. In some parts of the country, the Western Meadowlark’s range overlaps with that of the Eastern Meadowlark and the Western Meadowlark defends its territory against its eastern counterpart.

The male Western Meadowlark typically has two mates at a time. During mating, the male chases the females in a "chase display" flying formation, with the females determine the speed of the chase. After mating, the female does all the incubation of the eggs and handles the majority of the feeding duties. In rare cases where this state bird of Wyoming breeds with its eastern counterpart, the eggs produced are usually not viable.

After breeding, the female builds her nest on the ground, typically under dense vegetation or in small hollows, such as those created by a cow footprint. The nests are grass domes with side entries, and are often woven into nearby plants or grasses. In a typical breeding cycle, the females lay between four and six eggs, which take approximately two weeks to hatch. The young Western Meadowlark leaves the next before it can even fly properly, about 10 to 12 days after hatching. Females may raise two broods in each mating season.

Those hoping to attract the state bird of Wyoming to their bird feeders may have a difficult time, as the Western Meadowlark is not a common backyard bird. They are more likely to visit rural and agricultural areas. Making the backyard more inviting to the bird by providing plenty of areas to perch and an abundant supply of grass seeds may increase the likelihood of a visit from the Western Meadowlark.

The Western Meadowlark became the official state bird of Wyoming in 1927. It is also the official state bird of Kansas, Montana, Nebraska, and North Dakota. Although the Western Meadowlark is abundant throughout its region and not currently a conservation concern, its numbers are slowly starting to decline.

You might also Like

Readers Also Love

Discussion Comments


@talentryto- That is a good question. When I decided that I wanted to attract the Western Meadowlark to my yard, I let the grass that was already growing there go to seed. I also sprinkled in some grass seed that I got from a lawn and garden store that produced thick, coarse grass.

Though I don't know much about different types of grasses, I think that most varieties will produce seeds over time if you don't mow it down or trim it. The coarse types of grass also work very well, because they seem to produce a lot of seeds as well as sturdy stalks that birds can perch on.


@raynbow- I was wondering if you planted a particular kind of grass seed that the meadowlarks seemed to prefer. I've heard that they can be picky eaters, and won't be attracted to just any type of grass seed.


When I lived in Wyoming, I was able to attract the Western Meadowlark to my backyard. I had a section of land where I allowed the grass to grow tall and produce seeds. On occasion, I would look out my kitchen window and see the meadowlarks in the grass pecking at the seeds.

I think that another factor that helped me attract these unique birds was the fact that they grassy area was in the back of my property where it was private and quiet. The Western Meadowlark prefers to be away from humans and loud noises, so these factors are important to consider when trying to lure them to your property.

Post your comments
Forgot password?
    • A map of the US.
      By: HL
      A map of the US.