What is the Singapore Exchange?

Mary McMahon
Mary McMahon

The Singapore Exchange, listed as SGX, is a financial exchange located in Singapore. It is one of the most prominent financial markets in Southeast Asia and plays an important role in the economy of the region. As with other financial exchanges, the Singapore Exchange publicly lists information about the volume and trend of trading for the benefit of people interested in monitoring trading activity, and it has a number of indexes of various financial products used for assessing financial health in the region. Financial news in regions outside of Asia often includes reports on the Singapore Exchange for interested investors.

The Singapore Exchange is a prominent Southeast Asian financial market.
The Singapore Exchange is a prominent Southeast Asian financial market.

This exchange was established in 1999 with a merger between the Singapore International Monetary Exchange and the Stock Exchange of Singapore. It lists both securities and derivatives, and within a decade after it was established, it had almost 800 listings. In 2000, the exchange held an initial offering and became publicly traded; shares in the exchange are traded on the exchange itself. As the first Asian financial exchange to do this, the Singapore Exchange established a foothold in the financial market and set a precedent.

An electronic trading system is used on this exchange to facilitate rapid and accurate trades. People interested in trading must apply to do so and will need to meet requirements set by the exchange. Likewise, companies must apply to be listed. This is designed to maintain the integrity of the exchange and increase trader confidence. People usually start trading at the exchange under the sponsorship of a firm.

Trading hours at the Singapore Exchange vary, depending on what kinds of products are involved. Securities and derivatives have different trading schedules and within the derivatives market, there are a number of different schedules for trading hours. After hours trading is permitted for some kinds of products, allowing traders to keep pace with developments in the global market and to take favorable positions for the next day of trading. Like other exchanges, the Singapore Exchange is closed on major holidays.

In addition to playing a prominent role in the economy of Singapore, the Singapore Exchange is also a force in the Asian market at large. Changes in trading can have a ripple effect and company fortunes may rise and fall in response to how they are viewed by traders. Financial regulators monitor this and other exchanges for signs of illegal or questionable activity with the goal of identifying threats to the economy and addressing them before they fully develop.

Mary McMahon
Mary McMahon

Ever since she began contributing to the site several years ago, Mary has embraced the exciting challenge of being a wiseGEEK researcher and writer. Mary has a liberal arts degree from Goddard College and spends her free time reading, cooking, and exploring the great outdoors.

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Discussion Comments


@Tomislav - I’m new to the different markets as well but I did read something about the Singapore Exchange adding regulations in 1972. But I would be careful as the markets do have different regulations per country. I feel I have plenty to work within the NYSE and NASDAQ markets right now, so I don’t think I will be trading on the SGX right now.

You are correct the New York Stock Exchange was sold to a German company in 2011. It does seem weird to have such an iconic American company to be sold to another country, just like it seemed weird when Budweiser was sold to a European country as well!


I just learned there are other financial markets outside of the United State's markets (which interestingly, didn't the NYSE just get sold to another country but is staying in New York?).

I know, I'm naive, but I just didn't think about other countries having a financial market such as the NYSE.

My current financial instructor told us that the regulations on other markets can be looser. Which he said means that you need to be vigilant of these different regulations if you are to trade on other countries financial markets outside of the United States. Has anyone else heard this?

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