Independent film production typically involves many or all of the same issues as any other type of film production, though on a different scale and with some different considerations. Films, including ones made independently, typically begin with a period of preproduction in which a screenplay is finalized and the cast and crew are assembled. This is followed by production in which the movie is actually filmed, typically done in a shorter time and on a smaller budget than a studio film. Production then usually goes into post-production, in which editing is performed, any audio and visual effects are finalized, and the film is completed.
The major difference between independent film production and studio film production is that an independent film does not have the financial backing of a studio during production. Many of the same issues arise during production of an independent film, but at a smaller scale and with a more limited budget. Most productions begin with pre-production, in which the screenplay for a film is completed, the actors and crew are assembled, and other preparations are made before filming. This can include scouting of locations, finding and dressing sets as needed, and acquiring necessary equipment such as cameras and audio recording hardware.
Independent film production then typically continues with the actual production phase of making a film. This involves the cast and crew working together to capture the scenes necessary on film and audio to eventually assemble into a complete film. Production usually involves the largest number of individuals working on the movie at any one time, and is also typically the most expensive part of the production process due to greater numbers of people working on the movie. Independent film production is usually done in a much faster time than studio film production, since cast and crew members are often paid by hourly or daily rates.
Once the production phase is complete, then independent film production typically goes into post-production to complete the film. Any special visual effects needed for the film are completed during this phase, and the movie itself is edited into a final film. The audio for the movie is completed and assembled, synchronized with the visuals, and music is added. Once post-production is complete, then independent film production often involves the filmmakers looking for a distributor who can help finance the costs necessary to distribute a film to theaters for public viewing.