Greek coffee is a strong, rich coffee made of coffee beans that are roasted and finely ground. The main difference between this coffee and other types of coffee is the grounds. Greek coffee grounds are traditionally left in the demitasse cups that some people use for serving it. Thick foam rises to the top of the cup while the coffee grounds settle to the bottom. Keeping the teeth clenched while sipping may keep most people from swallowing the grounds, as this is the popular method used by many people for drinking Greek coffee.
Most people use a briki for brewing Greek coffee and demitasse cups for serving it. The briki is wide at the base and narrow at the top. This generally helps to ensure the proper amount of foam is accumulated for the coffee. Some people use a copper coffee pot in place of the briki pot. Demitasse cups are small cups that are sometimes referred to as espresso cups or moka cups.
There is a popular method for brewing Greek coffee. The usual first step is measuring out the water for the number of cups of coffee needed by filling the demitasse cups needed for each person. After the water has been measured and poured, the briki or copper coffee pot is placed on low heat. One spoonful of ground Greek coffee is added into the water for each person being served, and the contents are stirred until the coffee has dissolved completely. Foam will usually start to rise as the heat increases, and the briki is removed from the heat before it overflows.
People who enjoy Greek coffee generally prefer it in one of several different ways. Some people prefer it with sugar while some people like it unsweetened. "Varis glydis" is the term most commonly used when people request it strong and sweet. When someone prefers it without sugar, they may use the term "sketos" to describe it. "Metrios" is the word some people may use to request their coffee be served sweet and boiled.
When traveling to Greece, the coffee can be requested by asking for "ena elliniko." Turkish coffee is generally the same thing as the Greek variety. Other than the name, there may be no real difference between the two. The Greek variety is not typically served with milk. If milk is added, the coffee is most often no longer considered Greek coffee.