What Is Electromechanics?

Geisha A. Legazpi

Electromechanics is a technology that covers electrical, electronic, mechanical, and chemical systems. Advanced electromechanics covers physics, electromagnetism, and combinations. The need for this technology arises from the electromechanic nature of most equipment being used everywhere.

A small electromagnet.
A small electromagnet.

Electromechanical systems are used in all aspects of daily living, such as home appliances, support services, transportation, and massive power generation. For instance, maintaining a car requires knowledge of mechanical, electrical, and chemical technology. The starter system of a car requires a starter motor that is engaged by a starter solenoid into the flywheel of the engine for a brief moment. When the car starts, the starter motor is disengaged.

A solenoid is an electromagnetic device used to remotely or automatically supply switching, actuation, or adjustment movement to a secondary device.
A solenoid is an electromagnetic device used to remotely or automatically supply switching, actuation, or adjustment movement to a secondary device.

Medical electromechanics is a specialized field that includes diagnostic and life-support equipment. The maintenance of most medical diagnostic equipment, such as two-dimensional (2D) and three-dimensional (3D) imaging equipment, requires knowledge of electronics as well as mechanical actuator and positioning systems. Knowledge of computers is usually needed for the preventive and corrective maintenance of equipment.

One electromechanic system that functions as a balance is magnetic bearing. The use of ball bearings to extend the life of rotating equipment against friction has been practiced for a long time. Magnetic bearing uses electromagnets and computers to suspend a shaft so that it can rotate freely as held by an alert magnetic field. The magnetic field is usually a combination of permanent magnets and electromagnets. Ideally in its steady state, the electrical power needed to support the rotating shaft is zero, meaning that the permanent magnet does all the work until correction is required.

Many areas of electromechanics are only being tapped. For example, the total confinement of matter in all its forms and states usually becomes a reason why certain research and development efforts are halted. Continuum and particle electromechanics aim to develop new technology that will help develop new solutions for mankind.

Continuum electromechanics deals with the relationships between electrical and magnetic energy and fluids. It is intended to produce new solutions by using untapped potentials of various forms of energy and materials. Huge research and development opportunities are available in tapping combinations of electric, magnetic, and chemical energy.

Electromechanics of particles deals with the interaction between particles, energy, and chemical systems. For instance, the total cleaning of oil spills is done by nature at its own pace. New possible solutions using the electromechanics of particles may help reverse the contamination to the environment.

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