What is Architecture Design?

Harriette Halepis

Architecture design refers to the actual design and layout of spaces. Architecture encompasses many different elements including construction, design, and the manipulation of light as it relates to shadow. Throughout history, architects have found ways to create functional and practical spaces using any materials that were available.

Architects are responsible for designing the layout and appearance of spaces.
Architects are responsible for designing the layout and appearance of spaces.

Originally, architecture emerged from necessity. Since ancient cultures needed a way to worship revered religious deities, early Egyptian and Mesopotamian architecture directly reflected the relationship between people and ancient religions. Most buildings constructed during the reign of these empires were meant to pay homage to the heavens. While "architects" as we know them did not exist during the construction of these buildings, the idea behind creating impressive and functional spaces was present.

Urban architecture is designed for use in an urban setting, most specifically for large cities.
Urban architecture is designed for use in an urban setting, most specifically for large cities.

Unlike Egyptian and Mesopotamian architecture, Persian architecture was designed solely to display the wealth of the state. For the ancient Persians, creating buildings that impressed guests was important. Again, through the need for shelter, the ancient Persians largely contributed to urban design and architecture by building massive cities. Once the Greeks and Romans came into power, architecture design shifted from a religious or pragmatic concentration to design based upon civic concerns.

New architectural styles appeared in ancient Greece.
New architectural styles appeared in ancient Greece.

Due to the Greek and Roman contributions, architecture began to take new forms and shapes. Buildings constructed during Greek and Roman times were massive, impressive, and nearly every structure tested the boundaries of architecture as the world knew it. Today, architecture design is frequently based upon modern concerns such as the environment.

The term architecture as it relates to our world today encompasses many different specialized fields. Current professional architects concentrate on specific types of architecture, rather than architecture as a whole. A landscape architect solely designs landscapes, while a church architect only works on religious structures. This wasn't the case during the time of the ancient Romans, Greeks, Egyptians, or Mesopotamians when all building designers created any type of structure, no matter what the actual purpose of the structure was.

Today's architects must consider form, texture, structure, space, mass, materials, and costs before designing any building or space. Therefore, an architect must have a good grasp of mathematics, engineering, and science. This is precisely why most architects spend many years working within the field of architecture prior to working as independent contractors.

Prospective architects should consider enrolling in a four-year undergraduate program, followed by a graduate program that is specifically focused upon architecture. Through proper education and work experience, a career in architecture design can be achieved. From residential architecture to industrial architecture, architecture design has greatly evolved over the centuries.

Architectural designs include blueprints and sketches of future buildings.
Architectural designs include blueprints and sketches of future buildings.

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Discussion Comments


@lighth0se33 - I suppose residential architecture design doesn’t need to be as fancy as the commercial kind. Many architecture firms want their big buildings to be as visually awesome as possible so they can serve as advertisement.

Often, you will see signs up near a new big commercial building stating the name of the firm that designed it. These signs usually stay up for the first few months to a year after construction has been completed, so anyone seeing it for the first time will know who is responsible for the lovely design. The firm hopes they will get more work by doing a good job and bragging about it.


An architecture design firm planned a subdivision around this huge factory in my town. The buildings were designed to be simple, and they were basically for workers desiring to move closer to work from out of town.

I know that they didn’t have a whole lot of land and space to work with, but I really hate the look of the houses. They are all identical, and many of them have their backs facing the main highway. They look like little brick boxes.

They must have been designed this way because of a low budget. I imagine the factory must have told the firm, “Spend as little as possible to make the tiniest liveable homes you can.”


I think that architecture building design requires more than just a formal education. You have to have a special talent for it, and you have to have the kind of mind that can think three-dimensionally.

I am an artist, but my talent lies in two-dimensional art. I could not build a house out of clay, much less out of actual building materials. Also, I am terrible at math.

To architects, math and construction just come naturally. My husband would probably make a good architect, because he works in construction and has built and designed porches for many people. I could see him building a house with no problem.

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