An industrial oven is typically a large oven that produces a great amount of heat and is of sufficient size to bake numerous items at once for commercial purposes. This type of oven is usually intended for one of two primary purposes: baking food products for commercial resale or curing of industrial materials. Food ovens can be of many different shapes and sizes, though generally they are intended for use in baking multiple items at once. An industrial oven for non-food purposes is typically used for curing certain materials that are hardened through heat applications.
Also called a commercial oven, an industrial oven is usually designed to achieve very high heats and to be large enough for simultaneous baking of large batches. These ovens can be found in bakeries, commercial food processing plants, restaurants, and other locations where food is prepared in large amounts. The exact shape and design of an industrial oven typically depends on its purpose. Some ovens are similar in design to home ovens but may be larger or producer greater heat. Other ovens include features such as treadmills that move food in and out of the oven or are large enough for a person to walk inside of them.
Some industrial ovens are designed for a specific type of food, such as pizza ovens, while others are intended for more general purposes. A pizza oven for commercial use usually features an open oven that has a treadmill running through it. Pizzas are then placed on this treadmill, or conveyor belt, and moved into the oven, slowly moving through the oven while baking, and emerging from the other side when fully cooked. There are also very large types of industrial ovens that can be used in bakeries and similar locations. They are often large enough for someone to walk inside of them and bake dozens of loaves of bread on large rolling racks.
An industrial oven can also be designed and used for non-food purposes, such as baking or curing of various commercial products. This can include firing of pottery and ceramics, both for decorative and construction purposes, as well as curing various coatings on other products. Many industrial items have some type of coating, usually in a powder or liquid form, applied to them and are then baked in an industrial oven. The application of high heat for a certain period of time causes a chemical reaction in the coating, which hardens or otherwise forms a protective barrier on the object.