Spasmolytic drugs are prescription medications which are most commonly used to reduce or prevent muscle spasms, especially spasms in the digestive tract. These medications are often formulated from an herb known as belladonna, although synthetic chemicals which serve the same purpose may sometimes be used instead. Spasmolytic medications may be habit-forming, so it is vitally important that these medications are taken exactly as prescribed by a doctor and not used by anyone other than the person for whom they are prescribed. Some of the most common side effects of spasmolytic drugs may include drowsiness, dizziness, gastrointestinal disturbances, or insomnia.
Intestinal spasms are among the most frequently diagnosed medical conditions for which spasmolytic medications are prescribed. These spasms are frequently caused by gastrointestinal issues such as irritable bowel syndrome or Crohn's disease. This type of medication may also be used to treat other conditions such as urinary spasms or other muscle spasms throughout the body. Peptic ulcers often respond well to this type of treatment as well.
Spasmolytic medications should not be used in combination with certain other medications, including some herbal or vitamin supplements. For instance, those who are taking potassium supplements may not be able to take this medication. Some prescription medications, especially those used to treat insomnia, allergies, or pain conditions may increase sleepiness and may not work well along with this type of drug. Extreme caution should be used when performing any activity which requires intense focus or concentration. Alcohol should never be consumed while taking a spasmolytic drug.
Patients with some medical conditions may not be good candidates for this type of treatment. The doctor should be notified of any existing health issues, especially intestinal disorders or prostate problems. Those with compromised kidney or liver function may need to be monitored closely if taking this type of drug. Any questions o r concerns about the use of spasmolytic medications should be discussed with a doctor or other medical professional.
Drowsiness and dizziness are the most commonly reported side effects of spasmolytic medications. In most cases, these side effects are greatly minimized after the body adjusts to the medication. Severe or persistent problems should be reported to a doctor. Insomnia, headache, and stomach upset may occur, although these symptoms are usually mild. More serious side effects, such as rapid heartbeat, mouth sores, or eye pain accompanied by blurred vision should be reported to a doctor right away for further medical evaluation.