Memory cards are one option for the storage of various types of electronic data. Sometimes referred to as a flash memory card, the standard card is capable of storing a wide range of data files, such as audio and video clips, images, and text documents. In general, it makes use of flash memory in order to maintain the integrity of the files loaded onto the card, but there is research into other possible means as well.
The main function of this type of memory is to provide a simple method of data storage without a great deal of trouble. In general, these cards have a high amount of capacity, which makes them ideal for storing larger data files. There are many different variations on the market today, and some of them are somewhat specialized in their applications and the type of data that can be stored in the memory of the card. Among the different types of devices available are the secure digital card, the memory stick, multimedia cards, and the SmartMedia card.
In actual configuration, just about any memory card will use nonvolatile memory. Essentially, this means that the data stored on the device will be stable and is not subject to corruption or loss in the event of a power failure. There is also no need to refresh the stored data from time to time, as it will remain intact.
There are no moving parts in a memory card, which helps to minimize the chances that the device will malfunction. While its storage capacity tends to be compared favorably to the total capacity on a standard computer hard drive, the amount of memory found on some cards is truly impressive. In order to accommodate varying consumer needs, different variations feature a range of capacities, and generally, more memory or capacity available on a given card will mean a higher price tag. Many of the lower priced units have enough data storage capacity to accommodate personal use, making it relatively affordable for nearly any home computer user to also afford one.