There are several conditions that can cause a manic state, including bipolar disorder, sometimes known as manic depressive disorder, obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD), and dementia. Other forms of mental illness and psychosis, such as paranoid schizophrenia can cause a manic state. The use of narcotics or substances such as herbal medications have been known to induce a manic state in certain individuals. Diseases and medical conditions such as lupus or even sleep disorders can cause a manic state if left untreated.
Bipolar and manic depression can result in symptoms that lead to a manic state consisting of delusions. The individual may be out of touch with reality and exhibit a manic type of paranoia. Violent tendencies are not uncommon, and the patient may become aggressive or provocative.
When elderly patients suffering from advanced stages of dementia do not receive medical intervention, they can exhibit manic behavior. The manic phase of an advanced stage dementia patient may manifest in extreme paranoid tendencies. The patient may become accusatory or believe others are posing an unfounded threat to him. The sensory perception of a person in the advanced stages of dementia may be abnormally misconstrued. Other signs of mania in a dementia patient would be suicidal tendencies or violent aggression.
Patients suffering from certain forms of schizophrenia may exhibit symptoms of manic behavior that manifests in hallucinations and extreme paranoia. The patient may feel persecuted with no reasoning to justify his thoughts. This manic state can lead to intense feelings of anger or depression. The patient may become violent in some manic stages, although this is not always typical behavior. During a manic phase, the patient may also exhibit a catatonic-type behavior, showing no emotion or expression.
Certain drugs can induce symptoms of a manic state. Some of these drugs may be prescription drugs, while others may be illicit. Amphetamines, which are a stimulant drug, can cause irrational thoughts and extreme anxiety. These drugs can make an individual extremely agitated, excitable, and hyper.
Lysergic acid diethylamide (commonly known as LSD) is a psychedelic drug known for inducing irrational thoughts, delusions and hallucinations that can be typified as manic behavior. A person under the influence of LSD may lose touch with reality and become dangerously violent, or harbor extremely obscure thoughts and reasoning. The individual using this drug may see objects, see colors, even smell odors that do not exist. All of these reactions contribute to a manic state.