What are the Different Types of Treatment for Hemophilia?

Casey Campbell
Casey Campbell
A person with hemophilia C can experience excessive or prolonged bleeding.
A person with hemophilia C can experience excessive or prolonged bleeding.

Hemophilia is a rare blood disease that prevents clotting from taking place properly. The treatment for hemophilia will vary depending on the severity of the disease and the type of hemophilia involved — hemophilia A or the much less common hemophilia B. The types of treatment for hemophilia include blood infusions, hormone therapy, antifibrinolytic medicines and gene therapy.

Individuals with hemophilia are advised against donating blood.
Individuals with hemophilia are advised against donating blood.

The most common treatment for hemophilia consists of infusions used to replace the absent clotting factors in the blood. This treatment involves injecting clotting factor directly into the bloodstream. The clotting factor helps to prevent bleeding before it starts or to stop bleeding after it has begun. This treatment most often is used with severe hemophilia but can be used on patients who have moderate hemophilia. It is almost never used for mild hemophilia.

Hypnotherapy may be used to treat hemophilia.
Hypnotherapy may be used to treat hemophilia.

Another possible treatment for hemophilia is desmopressin, a synthetic hormone that can be used to treat mild-to-moderate hemophilia. It is used to replace the natural hormone vasopressin, which controls blood pressure. When a hemophiliac is injured, desmopressin will help by working to control and constrict blood vessels in order to encourage clotting.

Individuals suffering from hemophilia may eventually require a blood transfusion.
Individuals suffering from hemophilia may eventually require a blood transfusion.

Desmopressin relies on stored protein in the body to do the clotting. The level of stored protein varies from person to person, so the effectiveness of desmopressin will be different for each patient. Another disadvantage of desmopressin is that it can treat only hemophilia A and will not help individuals with hemophilia B.

Antifibrinolytic medicines are used as a treatment for hemophilia in special circumstances or in combination with other methods. These medications work to neutralize the chemicals in the mucous membranes in the nose, mouth and urinary tract that work to breakdown blood clots. This method is limited to stopping excess blood loss in the nose, mouth and urinary tract. It often is used to stop nosebleeds or bleeding in the mouth after dental surgery.

Hemophilia is an inherited disorder.
Hemophilia is an inherited disorder.

Gene therapy represents a potential cure for hemophilia. There has been some notable early success and researchers have been hopeful, but the actual results in humans have been mixed. Research has been conducted on animals and has suggested that there is hope for a cure.

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    • A person with hemophilia C can experience excessive or prolonged bleeding.
      By: stryjek
      A person with hemophilia C can experience excessive or prolonged bleeding.
    • Individuals with hemophilia are advised against donating blood.
      By: Gina Sanders
      Individuals with hemophilia are advised against donating blood.
    • Hypnotherapy may be used to treat hemophilia.
      By: James Steidl
      Hypnotherapy may be used to treat hemophilia.
    • Individuals suffering from hemophilia may eventually require a blood transfusion.
      By: Max Tactic
      Individuals suffering from hemophilia may eventually require a blood transfusion.
    • Hemophilia is an inherited disorder.
      By: 3dvin
      Hemophilia is an inherited disorder.
    • Medications are sometimes necessary to stop bleeding in the mouth after dental surgery.
      By: Valeriy Velikov
      Medications are sometimes necessary to stop bleeding in the mouth after dental surgery.