What are the Different Types of Law Enforcement Equipment?

Erin Oxendine

Police officers are trained individuals whose job is to serve and protect. These individuals use specific law enforcement equipment to help them do their job. The right equipment is necessary for such a dangerous job.

A police officer training at a shooting range.
A police officer training at a shooting range.

One of the things an officer often has is a bulletproof vest. This form of body armor, composed of multiple layers of tough fiber, covers the torso to protect it from bullets. Even though the vest prevents the bullet from penetrating the skin, the person may still have trauma from the impact.

A bulletproof vest.
A bulletproof vest.

Officers carry a service weapon for protection. This gun may be a rifle, shotgun or handgun, depending on what the department chooses. Another type of gear officers have is the Taser gun. This controlled device sends an electrical shock through the person being tasered. The Taser gun can render a person still in a matter of seconds.

A police car.
A police car.

Pepper spray is a common type of law enforcement equipment for police officers. The spray is made from oleoresin capsicum. When used on a person, it causes instant burning on the skin, eyes and nose. Pepper spray can also cause respiratory distress such as coughing and throat irritation.

Law enforcement equipment may include handcuffs.
Law enforcement equipment may include handcuffs.

A belt holster is an important piece of equipment worn on the uniform. The holster has several compartments and can hold small items. Equipment carried in the holster includes flashlights, batons and pepper spray.

Pepper spray is used as a less-lethal method of deterring criminals.
Pepper spray is used as a less-lethal method of deterring criminals.

Tactical binoculars are helpful for the officer to see things at a distance. Since the binoculars have night vision, officers can use these during the day or night. An officer might use the binoculars to see a car’s license plate or watch a suspect during surveillance.

Officers use a two-way radio to communicate with one another. These radios are set up on a closed frequency that only other law enforcement officers can hear. The dispatcher also sends out requests for assistance on the radios and the officers can respond to the calls.

Most full-time officers are assigned a patrol car. The officer’s car is a vital piece of law enforcement equipment. When going to follow up on a call or checking out suspicious activity, the officer will put all of his or her equipment in the car.

The law enforcement equipment police officers use has to be of high quality and performance. Departments usually buy the equipment from trusted merchants. Once assigned to the officer, no one else is supposed to use the equipment.

Tactical binoculars can help law enforcement officials see at a distance.
Tactical binoculars can help law enforcement officials see at a distance.

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Discussion Comments

calabama71

@snowywinter- As far as most tactical gear, anyone can purchase it. For example, you can purchase vests, belts, flashlights, and other items at any tactical store without being a law enforcement officer. However, some items, such as certain types of guns, require that you be an officer of the law to purchase.

If your brother-in-law is going to be a bounty hunter, he would have a license to do so which would allow him to buy the items that he needs. I’m pretty sure that bounty hunters don’t carry guns.

SnowyWinter

My brother-in-law is considering going into the bonding business. Well, actually, he wants to be a bounty hunter. Can you purchase law enforcement equipment if you are not a police officer?

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