In order to become a food technologist, it is necessary to participate in and successfully complete specific courses designed to cover most aspects of the food industry. To participate in these food technology courses, it will be necessary to enroll in a technical school, college, or university that offers this type of education. The courses will cover a wide variety of subjects, including agriculture, nutrition, food preservation and storage as well as food preparation. Those selecting a food technology career can choose from a wide range of occupational positions after graduation.
There are several courses on nutrition included in the coursework for becoming a professional in the food technology industry. These food technology courses focus on an enormous range of ingredients concerning their nutritional content in regards to types and amounts of vitamins and minerals they contain. Advanced coursework will emphasize the effects of these nutrients on the systems of the body and instruct on how to use food to improve overall health and vitality, especially in a clinical setting. Students are often required to complete classwork in anatomy and physiology before studying nutrition to ensure an understanding of the human body and its functions.
Food processing is another course that is commonly required for the future food technologist. The coursework covers the various methods of processing foods, including canning and freezing techniques, to ensure the student's understanding of how processing can affect the quality of the food. Specific topics covered include the nutritional advantages and disadvantages of canning and freezing foods as related to human consumption and information on ensuring these processes are done correctly to reduce the likelihood of foodborne illness.
Some food technology courses commonly offered involve individual psychology as well as sociology as they relate to food and eating habits. These courses are in-depth looks at how a person's or community's mental state can influence not only the food choices made, but also how the body metabolizes the food. For people interested in taking their food technology educations in a clinical direction, as in a hospital or clinic setting, these types of food technology courses are vital.
After completing the food technology courses necessary to obtain a diploma or degree, the student has a wide assortment of professional options for employment. Some of the most popular choices include restaurant chef, grocery store food specialist, and personal chef. A food technology education can also help a graduate find work as a nutritional therapist or school dietary manager.