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Energy analysts track the amount of energy used in a home or business and offer ways to reduce energy consumption and related costs. This analysis not only helps people save money, but also preserves global fuel supplies and cuts pollution. Candidates with an interest in this field can find many types of energy analyst jobs. Many of these professionals perform residential energy audits, while others work with commercial contracting firms. Other energy analyst jobs can be found with major government agencies and institutions, such as colleges and universities.
The residential market is the primary source of energy analyst jobs. Analysts, or auditors, may work as independent consultants, or find employment with companies that specialize in this type of work. Residential energy analysts visit homes and perform tests to spot areas where energy use could be reduced. They then recommend changes to the homeowner, such as adding weatherstripping or choosing more effective insulation, which can help to cut energy consumption and related costs. Residential auditors may also help homeowners explore alternate fuel sources, including things like solar or geothermal energy.
Many contractors offer energy analyst jobs that focus on the commercial sector. These professionals act as green building consultants, helping businesses cut energy expenses or qualify for green building incentives offered by government or private agencies. Commercial energy analysts also work with architects and engineers, helping them to plan the most energy efficient building possible based on the owner's budget and other requirements. Energy analyst jobs can often be found with mechanical engineering or contracting firms, as these organizations are responsible for designing heating and cooling systems.
Institutional energy analyst jobs are available at major organizations, such as schools and large businesses. These analysts help the organizations determine the best mechanical, electrical and other equipment to buy to maximize performance while keeping energy costs at a minimum. They also oversee routine maintenance to keep this equipment running as efficiently as possible. Institutional energy analysts may even be responsible for evaluating different fuel sources, and negotiating deals with fuel suppliers that can help the company save money and conserve power.
Energy analysts within the government perform energy audits on government-owned buildings and propose ways to save energy and cut costs. These professionals also play a role in the procurement process, and may help these agencies switch to more efficient energy sources. An analyst in the government also helps to educate and train both government employees and members of the public on the best ways to cut energy consumption.