Civil engineering is one of the most important jobs in the development of a functioning society. This profession covers a wide swath of planning and building, so there are civil engineer jobs in many fields. People who hold jobs in this field can have one of many roles, such as planning entire cities, building bridges, solving traffic nightmares or creating hydroelectricity.
One of the most popular civil engineer jobs is that of a city planner. This form of urban planning requires a great deal of foresight, because engineers must consider how best to design the layout of roads, neighborhoods, sidewalks, water systems, power lines and more in order to have a smoothly functioning place for people to live. These engineers need to take in physical factors such as terrain and various demographic data to plan a community properly.
A structural engineer can have one of the most stressful of all jobs in civil engineering, because failure to do excellent work can result in lost lives. This type of civil engineer focuses on building bridges and tunnels, so understanding physics and mathematics is crucial for planning how best to carve out a tunnel or span a wide river. This job also provides many rewards, because creating these structures helps travelers safely cross terrain that would be much more difficult without those structures.
A traffic engineer frequently is hired by governmental transportation boards or by city governments. These types of civil engineer jobs look at a traffic situation, taking into account roads, exits, highways, the number of vehicles traveling all times of the day and those vehicles' destinations. From this data, traffic engineers attempt to find ways to clear congestion or avoid it in the future, often by building alternate roads or adding lanes.
Water resources engineering has become popular with the rise of environmental concerns around the world. These experts in fluid dynamics utilize water in many ways. Some of these jobs focus on harnessing the power of rushing rivers in order to create hydroelectricity. Some engineers, though, look at a community's water supply and attempt to find ways to conserve it or even purify it for consumption.
Environmental engineers are one of the most overlooked groups of all of the civil engineer jobs. People with these jobs frequently deal with cleaning up and properly disposing of environmental waste. Whether determining ways to clean rivers or inventing underground storage facilities for toxic materials, these people consider chemical and environmental sciences when working on designs.