Aside from having the right rock climbing gear, it is necessary for a climber to know the correct rock climbing techniques for both outdoor and indoor rock climbing activities in order to avoid injuries and accidents. Before setting out on a climb, a climber is advised to do some limbering up exercises to loosen stiff muscles and joints. By improving the overall flexibility of the body, the climber is able to move more easily, and lessens the chances of developing cramps during the climb.
Beginner climbers might start with indoor climbing walls to develop the knack for tackling more demanding rock-face wall climbing. While discussing rock climbing techniques, many experienced climbers speak about visualizing the climb beforehand. This involves checking out the route from the ground and making mental notes about how the route might be traversed. Charting the course in this manner can give the climber a better idea of how to proceed. After a route has been completed, it is a good idea to study the way it was traversed and learn from it for future climbs.
Developing a good sense of balance is perhaps one of the most important of all rock climbing techniques. Knowing how to balance the body weight while climbing lessens the pressure on the hands and the arms. It will help to maintain the body weight on the legs, if the arms are used to shift the weight. For situations where the arms are required to support the weight, the climber needs to develop the ability to move quickly from one point to the next.
Another equally important element of rock climbing techniques is knowing when to rest. It is necessary to balance extended sequences of dynamic movements with brief periods of rest. A climber should seek out opportunities that allow for this during the climb. Brief resting periods are essential for refreshing tired muscles, and for increasing the climber's endurance capacity.
In order to develop better climbing ability and technique, a climber needs to try out as many different routes as possible and preferably routes of varying degrees of difficulty. Such regular climbing experience will hone the climber's technique, and give him or her a better judgment of how to navigate safely through a tricky situation. It will also help to carefully study the rock climbing techniques of other more seasoned climbers and ask them for any rock climbing tips that they might be willing to share.