Automation will impact jobs by replacing an estimated 45% of them by 2035, according to some experts' projections. Researchers predict that the first occupational fields to be made obsolete by automation will be the ones in which computers and other automated machines have already been used, such as construction, transportation, administrative support and production labor. As technology for artificial intelligence becomes more advanced, researchers believe that jobs in engineering, science, management and the arts will be phased out. It is projected that the jobs made obsolete by automation will be replaced with jobs that previously did not exist.
More about changes in jobs:
- About 70% of Americans lost their jobs — mostly in farming — during the Industrial Revolution of the early 19th century, when advances were made in manufacturing. As of 2013, all but 1% of farming jobs had been replaced by machines.
- The average cost of producing operating, and maintaining an industrial robot was $500,000 US Dollars (USD) as of 2013.
- The United States Postal Service, the second-largest employer in the country, is thought to be one of the industries that will be hit hardest by automation. For example, 48.5% of mail sorters and 12% of mail carriers are projected to be replaced by machines.