In most cases, a compression fracture refers to a fracture or breakage of bones in the spine. Although the vertebrae or bones of the spine are extremely strong, they are not immune to injury. Some types of severe trauma to the neck or back can cause a compression fracture of this kind. In addition, osteoporosis, which causes an intense weakening and thinning of the bones, can also cause this to happen. Fortunately for suffers of this condition, there are different kinds of compression fracture treatment.
The symptoms of a compression fracture can be intense, making compression fracture treatment all the more necessary. Some people with this type of ailment experience distressing back pain. The pain may build up or occur in acute sharp attacks. It is possible to lose inches of height over time as well. A severe compression fracture can lead to a permanent change in posture and cause a stooped appearance.
Initially, medications may be given as compression fracture treatment. Individuals who are not in a great deal of pain may benefit best from taking an over the counter pain medicine. Most of these can be selected from a local pharmacy. Some doctors will also give patients anti-inflammatory medicines to reduce inflammation. In most cases, pain medicines are only taken when needed for discomfort.
Some people may use a back brace for the best treatment. This type of compression fracture treatment will be beneficial in supporting the injured bones in the spine. The brace may also reduce pain by limiting motion in the area. Often, individuals with a compression fracture will wear a brace from a couple of weeks to months. The brace will provide protection from additional injuries to the neck and back.
Rest may also be suggested as a compression fracture treatment. It is important to rest the fractured bones to allow them an opportunity to mend. Resting the back may include applying ice or heat to the area as well. While restricting activities, it will be important not to take part in anything requiring strenuous movement. For instance, heavy lifting and repeated bending should be avoided. At times, doctors put their patients on bed rest for up to a month as treatment.
If a patient fails to improve or benefit greatly from rest and other forms of conservative treatment, surgery may be considered. Commonly, surgery is done as a last compression fracture treatment measure. Some surgeries are minimally invasive and may only require a quick hospital stay. The surgery may involve repairing and/or stabilizing the fractured bones in a productive manner. Doctors generally review patients on an individual criteria to decide the best surgery for each candidate.