A bachelor's degree in Computer Science is one of the most common requirements for people who want to become a scientific programmer, as the information technology specialist position involves a heavy computing workload. Prospective scientific programmers will need to familiarize themselves with multiple programming languages, as different clients will require distinct specifications for their applications. Although it is not unheard of for fresh graduates to be offered jobs, most opportunities to become a scientific programmer require at least one year of work experience in programming and life cycle management. Familiarity with other scientific fields is often not mandatory, although it can be beneficial to gain work experience in related fields; a programmer with knowledge of biology, for example, will have a better chance of securing a scientific programmer position in a biology laboratory than others.
The major responsibilities of a scientific programmer are the development, maintenance, and upgrading of software applications needed for scientific research. These demand extensive knowledge in programming, as there is little to no room for technical errors in the field of research. Individuals who want to become a scientific programmer will need to take a four-year course in Computer Science from a reputable university or online program to meet the bare minimum job requirements. A master's degree is often more favored by employers; prospective programmers should take postgraduate studies if possible in order to maximize their chances of securing the position.
In the course of his training to become a scientific programmer, an individual will likely learn how to build and manage applications across a variety of programming languages and operating systems. It is important that he retains as much of this knowledge as possible, since some employers will have very distinct specifications for their requirements. In a sense, flexibility is much more desirable than specialization, especially if someone who wants to become a scientific programmer is applying for his first job. The best way individuals can master the multiple programming disciplines is to earn work experience in each one. This can entail working a number of years in a programming solutions company or taking multiple freelance programming jobs.
Individuals who want to become a scientific programmer in a particular field will benefit greatly from being familiar with that particular branch of science. Those who want to work in the field of chemistry, for example, will be able to get a better understanding of an employer's software needs if they are familiar with chemical concepts. Taking additional science classes or working in a scientific environment will also help familiarize programmers with the programming demands of scientific research.