Malaria is a serious disease caused when a person is infected with a parasite that is transmitted by mosquitoes. For this reason, it is very important for travelers in malaria zones to limit their exposure to these insects. To do this, a person should wear protective apparel and insect repellent. The individual should discourage mosquitoes from coming indoors by using repellents, controlling temperature, and keeping doors and windows closed if they do not have screens. It can also be a major benefit to take anti-malaria drugs if the circumstances allow for it.
Before traveling to malaria zones, it is advisable to take anti-malaria drugs. These are generally available only by prescription. There are several types that are available, and some may not be suitable for a particular set of circumstances. For this reason, it is important for a traveler to discuss all aspect of her travels and her medical history with the physician who will write her prescription. It is also important to remember that many of these medicines need to be taken weeks in advance to be effective.
While traveling in the malaria zones, a person should try to protect himself as much as possible at all times. He can do this by developing a habit of thoroughly spraying himself with insect repellent. This may need to be done several times in a day. Travelers are also advised to wear clothing that sufficiently protects them from mosquito bites. This can include pants, long-sleeved shirts, and shoes that completely cover the feet.
When in malaria zones, it is beneficial to make every possible effort to keep mosquitoes outdoors. Windows and doors should not be unnecessarily left open if they do not have proper screens. There are also a number of products that may be available to prevent these insects from entering or to kill them if they come inside. These products are commonly available in the form of sprays and incense.
Using air conditioning to keep the interior at a low temperature can discourage mosquitoes from entering and circulating. It is also a good idea to use bed netting. If possible, it is recommended that the netting is the type that has been dipped in permethrin insecticide. Before the bed is covered with the net, it may be best to spray the area with insect repellent if there is a possibility that the insects have gotten into the room. Otherwise, they may get trapped inside of the net.